COVID-19 information and resources
Douglas College wordmark
Facebook logo Twitter logo Instagram logo Snapchat logo YouTube logo Wordpress logo
back to search

Physiology of Exercise and Training

Course Code: SPSC 2275
Faculty: Science & Technology
Department: Sport Science
Credits: 3.0
Semester: 15 weeks
Learning Format: Lecture, Lab
Typically Offered: TBD. Contact Department Chair for more info.
course overview

This course will cover the scientific training principles and concepts associated with the effects of exercise on human movement and performance. Topics include an examination of the relationship between physical activity and the cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular systems of the body.

Course Content

Nature of Exercise Physiology and Training as a Field of Study

The student will:

  1. Examine the comprehensive nature of exercise physiology in improving human performance
    • Acute Physiological Responses to Exercise
    • Chronic Physiological Responses to Exercise

Metabolism, Energy and the Basic Energy Systems

The student will:

  1. Describe the Fuel Sources for Exercise and Physical Activity
  2. Describe the Basic Fuel Systems Used During Exercise
  3. Measure and Describe Fuel Utilization During Exercise and Training
    • Energy Expenditure at Rest
    • Energy Expenditure During Exercise
    • Fatigue and its Causes
  4. Describe Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise Training
  5. Apply training principles for Metabolic Enhancement
    • 2.5.1   Training the ATP-PCr System
    • 2.5.2   Training the Glycolytic System
    • 2.5.3   Training the Oxidative System

Neurological Control of Movement

The student will:

  1. 3.1    Describe the Structure and Function of the Nervous system
    • 3.1.1     Central Nervous System
    • 3.1.2     Peripheral Nervous System
    • 3.1.3     Sensory-Motor Integration
  2. 3.2    Describe Motor Response to Acute Exercise
  3. 3.3    Describe Response to Exercise Training

The Effects of Exercise on the Cardiovascular System

The student will:

  1. 4.1  Describe the Structure and Function of Cardiovascular system
    • 4.1.1  Cardiovascular Dynamics
    • 4.1.2  Regulation of the Cardiovascular System During Exercise
  2. 4.2  Measure and Describe Cardiovascular Response to Exercise
    • 4.2.1  Regulation of Cardiac Output
    • 4.2.2  Blood Flow Redistribution During Exercise
    • 4.2.3  Regulation of Oxygen by Skeletal Muscle
  3. 4.3  Describe Cardiovascular Adaptations to Exercise Training
    • 4.3.1  Acute Adaptations
    • 4.3.2  Chronic Adaptations

The Effects of Exercise on Respiratory Regulation

The student will:

  1. 5.1  Describe the Structure and Function of the Respiratory System
    • 5.1.1  Structure of the Pulmonary System
    • 5.1.2  Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
    • 5.1.3  Gas Exchange and Transport
  2. 5.2  Measure and Describe Respiratory Response to Exercise
    • 5.2.1  Ventilation and Energy Metabolism
    • 5.2.2  Respiratory Limitations to Performance
  3. 5.3  Describe Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise Training
    • 5.3.1  Acute Adaptations
    • 5.3.2  Chronic Adaptations

Integration of Physiological Systems

The student will:

  1. 6.1    Describe Optimizing Performance for Sport and Fitness
    • 6.1.1  Thermoregulation
    • 6.1.2  Effects of Excessive Training
    • 6.1.3  Tapering for Peak Performance
    • 6.1.4  Nutrition and Sport
    • 6.1.5  Exercise and Body Composition
    • 6.1.6  Ergogenic Aids and Sport

Methods of Instruction

  • Lecture
  • Discussion groups and group projects
  • Laboratory/Practical applications
  • Guest presenters
  • Technology assisted learning
  • Problem-based learning

Means of Assessment

The selection of evaluation tools for this course is based upon adherence to college evaluation policy regarding number and weighing of evaluations. For example, a course of three credits or more should have at least three separate evaluations.

The following is presented as an example assessment format for this course:

Mid-term exam 20%
Final exam 25%
Practical applications (labs) 30%
Research project 25%

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the course the student will be able to:

  1. Describe the functions of the neuromuscular system, energy systems, cardiovascular system, respiratory system and hormonal regulation in physical activity and training.
  2. Describe the interrelationships of the neuromuscular system, energy systems, cardiovascular system, respiratory system and hormonal regulation in physical activity and training.
  3. Describe the acute sport physiological responses of the body to physical activity.
  4. Describe the sport physiological adaptations of the body systems to training.
  5. Administer fitness assessment protocols and interpret assessment data.

course prerequisites

(BIOL 1109 or 1103) and (BIOL 1209 or 1203)

curriculum guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

course schedule and availability
course transferability

Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system. 

A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.

For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.


If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.