Group discussion/group activities
NOTE: All skills are taught in such a way that both facility and community contexts are recognized.
Problem-solving when carrying out care-giving procedures
- Planning and implementing care based on the person’s needs, the established care plan and facility/agency policies.
- Assessing the client/resident and the situation prior to commencing care
- Identifying unsafe environments or situations.
- Seeking assistance if necessary in order to maintain the safety of the client/resident and/or the care provider.
- Organizing equipment and supplies in order to efficiently complete tasks.
- Checking equipment for safety and functionality.
- Reporting equipment malfunction.
- Performing the procedure(s).
- Maintaining client/resident privacy and dignity.
- Encouraging independence and self-care as much as possible.
- Cleaning equipment after use and returning to appropriate place.
- Tidying the resident/client’s environment.
- Evaluating effectiveness of the procedure.
- Reporting and recording actions, results and observations.
Asepsis and Prevention of Infection
- Standard and routine precautions.
- Hand Washing.
- Isolation Precautions.
Promoting personal hygiene
- Oral hygiene.
- Bathing – bed bath, tub baths and showers.
- Providing perineal care.
- Assisting with grooming and dressing.
- A.M. and h.s. care.
- Back massage and skin care.
- Using pressure relieving devices.
Moving, positioning and transferring a client/resident
- Body mechanics in the home and facility.
- Turning a person in bed.
- Using positioning devices.
- Assisting with transferring and moving a person in a hospital bed and a regular bed.
- Transferring a person to a stretcher.
- Moving a person to the side of a bed and assisting him/her to sit.
- Transferring a person from bed to chair or wheelchair and back.
- Transferring a person from a wheelchair to a bath chair or toilet.
- Using mechanical lifts including ceiling lifts.
- Assisting the individual to use a walker safely.
- Making closed, open, and occupied beds.
Promoting exercise and activity
- Bed rest.
- Assisting with ambulation.
- Assisting with walking devices – especially safe use of walkers with resting seat.
- Assisting with wheelchairs.
- Dealing with falls.
Promoting healthy nutrition and fluid intake
- Preparing simple, nutritionally sound meals (in the home).
- Practicing safe food handling and storage.
- Using food preparation equipment.
- Serving meals in ways that encourage normalizing interactions.
- Assisting clients/residents with eating and drinking.
- Utilizing safe eating assistance techniques with individuals who are experiencing difficulty biting, chewing and/or swallowing.
- Cleaning equipment, dishes, and utensils after use.
- Observing and recording intake and output.
Promoting urinary and bowel elimination
- Using bedpans and urinals.
- Toileting techniques.
- Using commodes.
- Assisting the person with urinary and bowel incontinence.
- Using urinary incontinence products.
- Assisting the person with condom catheter drainage.
- Assisting the person with an established catheter.
- Emptying drainage bags.
- Collecting urine specimens.
- Factors affecting bowel elimination.
- Assisting with bowel training.
- Administering enemas and suppositories.
- Assisting the person with an established ostomy.
- Collecting stool specimens.
Heat and cold applications
- Knowing policies and procedures of facility/agency
- Administering cold packs under supervision of RN.
Assisting with Medications
- Assisting vs. Administering in relation to parameters of practice.
- Roles and responsibilities, legal implications of actions.
- Observing resident/client for untoward effects (i.e. recognizing what is not normal and reporting it).
- General types of medications (capsules, tablets, ointments, suppositories, liquids, drops).
- Common abbreviations used with medications.
- Label reading.
- Critical “rights” of assisting with medications.
- Individual’s right to refuse medication.
- Assisting with pre-packaged, pre-measured oral medications.
- Assisting with oral, eye and transdermal medications.
- Assisting with metered dose inhalers.
- Assisting with topical application of ointments.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Safely and competently perform all course skills in the laboratory setting.
- Provide care and assistance for residents experiencing moderate to complex health challenges.
- Provide person-centered care and assistance that recognizes and respects the uniqueness of each individual resident.
- Perform personal care skills in an organized manner ensuring the comfort and appropriate independence of the client/resident.
- Use an informed problem-solving approach to provide care and assistance that promotes the physical, psychological, social, cognitive and spiritual well-being of residents and families.
- Provide personal care and assistance competently in ways that maintain safety for self and others.
- Perform the care-giver role in a reflective, responsible, accountable and professional manner within the parameters of the HCA role.
- Communicate clearly, accurately and in sensitive ways with residents and families.
- Demonstrate an understanding of interactions with other members of the healthcare team which would contribute to effective working relationships and the achievement of goals, and successfully apply this knowledge at a beginning level.
- Recognize and respond to own self-development, learning and health enhancement needs.
Course evaluation is consistent with Douglas College course evaluation policy. An evaluation schedule is presented at the beginning of the course.
This is a MASTERY course. Students will receive a detailed outline of performance expectations at the beginning of the course.
Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students:
A list of recommended textbooks and materials is provided to students at the beginning of the semester.