Group discussion/group activities
May include other methods (e.g. guest speakers, role play, etc.)
- Word elements.
Structure and function of the human body
- Organization of the human body: cells, tissues and organs.
- Major body systems.
- Natural changes associated with aging.
Challenges to health and healing
- The experience of illness and disability
- Common challenges to healing:
- Broad effects on the individual and family of health challenges.
- Common disorders related to each body system:
- Integumentary (pressure ulcers, pain).
- Musculo-skeletal (Falls, fractures, contractures, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, pain).
- Cardiovascular (hypertension, hypotension, edema, coronary artery disease, blood clots, heart failure, CVA-stroke).
- Respiratory (cyanosis, dyspnea, apnea, orthopnea, hyperventilation, hypoventilation, COPD, asthma, pneumonia, TB).
- Digestive (vomiting, diarrhea, dysphagia, lack of appetite, dehydration, constipation, hemorrhoids, obesity, hiatus hernia, diverticular disease, IBS, Celiac disease, hepatitis).
- Urinary (urinary tract infections, renal failure).
- Reproductive (STIs).
- Endocrine (Diabetes).
- Neurological (stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, ALS, Huntington’s disease, brain or spinal cord injuries).
- Sensory Challenges:
- Normal sensory changes of aging.
- Speech and Language Challenges (Aphasia, apraxia, dysarthria).
- Hearing and Visual challenges.
- Chronic Illness:
- basic definition and concepts
- implications for care
- focus on self-care
- Applying critical thinking and problem-solving when caring for individuals experiencing common health challenges in facilities and in the community
- Gathering information.
- Sources of information (e.g. care plan, healthcare team, client/resident).
- Observing changes in the client/resident.
- Establishing priorities for care.
- Carrying out plan of care.
- Evaluating effectiveness of care.
- Reporting and recording.
- Microorganisms and the spread of infection.
- Principles and practice of medical asepsis in facilities and in community settings.
- Dealing with “super bugs.”
- Standard precautions.
- Isolation guidelines.
Nutrition and Healing
- Nutrition in relation to health challenges.
- Cultural differences.
- Special diets:
- Modified diets.
- Restricted diets.
- Diabetic diet.
- High protein diet.
- Liquid and pureed diets.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Display and understanding of the structure and function of the human body and normal changes associated with aging.
- Display a sound understanding of common challenges to health and healing.
- Discuss nutrition as it relates to healing.
- Describe ways to organize, administer and evaluate person-centered care and service for clients/residents experiencing common health challenges.
Course evaluation is consistent with Douglas College course evaluation policy. An evaluation schedule is presented at the beginning of the course.
This is a graded course. A minimum mark of 65% is necessary to be successful in the course.
Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students:
A list of recommended textbooks and materials is provided to students at the beginning of the semester.