Group discussion/group activities
May include other methods (e.g. guest speakers role play, etc.)
Health as process i.e. a journey not a destination.
- Physical, psychological/emotional, cognitive, social and spiritual dimensions of health.
- Interrelatedness of all aspects of health.
- Health as it relates to lifestyle and choices.
Components of Health
- Physical components of health:
- Physical activity and physical self-care.
- Sleep and rest.
- Nutrition throughout the life cycle; factors that affect eating and nutrition; Canada’s Food Guide; weight management.
- Avoiding or limiting harmful substances – licit and illicit drugs, alcohol, tobacco, caffeine.
- Psychological/emotional (feeling) components of health:
- Interaction between emotions/perceptions and health.
- Psychologically safe environments.
- Stress and stress management.
- Common responses and effects of stress.
- Common stressors related to work of the HCA.
- Burnout and compassion fatigue.
- Strategies for self-assessment and wellness intervention.
- Cognitive (thinking) components of health:
- Rational thinking and perceiving.
- Ability to reason, interpret and remember.
- Ability to sense, perceive, assess and evaluate.
- Problem-solving ability.
- Social (interactive) components of health:
- Social bonds and social supports in relation to health.
- Cultural and societal influences on lifestyle and choices.
- Spiritual components of health:
- Personal values and beliefs.
- Clarification of values and beliefs that are personally significant.
- Activities that enrich and refresh.
- Complexity of the lifestyle change process.
- Critical thinking and problem-solving as it relates to lifestyle and choices.
- Self-reflection and self-evaluation in relation to challenges and resources.
- Setting achievable goals, using motivators, setting a realistic change agenda.
- Recognizing difficulties inherent in personal change.
Workplace Settings and Contexts
- Introduction to the Health Care System in British Columbia and Canada
- Long Term Care Assessment (how it is done and outcomes).
- Models of care – creating community, actualizing person-centred care.
- Assisted Living – goals, philosophy, approaches – how these might also be applied in other contexts.
- Working in facilities – challenges and opportunities.
- Working in Community-based settings – challenges and opportunities.
- Agency/ facility/ employer standards; policies and procedures – purpose and function.
- Standards of care.
- Importance of maintaining client/resident/family confidentiality.
- Reporting and recording – when, what, how.
- Legal implications of the written word.
- Organizing within the work environment: managing time effectively.
- Use of workplace technology (computers).
Team work in Healthcare Settings
- The healthcare team in facilities and in the community; roles and responsibilities
- Legal limitations and obligations of HCAs.
- What to do when a situation exceeds legal parameters of one’s role
- Supervision and delegation of tasks.
- Lines of communication.
- Basic concepts of team development and group processes.
- Benefits & challenges of working in a team.
- Facilitating effective team functioning – principles of collaboration.
Legal and Ethical Issues
- Human rights: World Health Organization; basic human rights in Canada
- Rights of people receiving healthcare services.
- Rights of care-givers; employment standards.
- Relevant contractual obligations that guide HCA practice.
- Ethical and legal parameters of HCA (HCSW, CHW/Home Support Worker and RCA) roles.
- Ethical standards and decision-making within one’s practice.
- Abuse – recognizing and reporting.
- Occupational health and safety.
Professional Approaches to Practice
- Responsible and Accountable behaviour.
- Unions – membership, rights, and responsibilities.
- Professional relationships with clients/ residents, families and other members of the health team:
- roles and professional boundaries
- principles of professional self-disclosure
- Accountability and ethical behaviour in working relationships.
- Aspects of confidentiality in shared information.
- Reflective practice – what it is, why it is important, how to become a reflective care provider.
- Personal competence as a component of caring.
- Impact of personal values, beliefs and principles on practice.
- Self-assessment and self-development.
- Challenges and rewards of specific work environments.
- Selecting a work environment that fits own strengths, values, preferences and lifestyle.
- The importance of lifelong learning.
- The function of motivation and commitment in on-going learning and personal development.
- Preparing a resume and letter of application.
- Completing a job application form.
- Effectively handling the job interview.
- Employer expectations.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Discuss the interrelationship of physical, social, cognitive, emotional and spiritual dimensions of health.
- Display an understanding of how lifestyle choices and behaviours contribute to the dimensions of health.
- Display an understanding of the complexity of the change process in relation to health promotion.
- Display an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of HCAs within the health care system in British Columbia.
- Contribute to the effective functioning of the healthcare team.
- Function in a responsible, accountable fashion recognizing legal and ethical parameters of the HCA role.
- Apply self-reflection and self-appraisal processes in order to recognize and respond to own self-development needs as a care provider.
- Confidently conduct a job-search process.
Course evaluation is consistent with Douglas College course evaluation policy. An evaluation schedule is presented at the beginning of the course.
This is a graded course. A minimum mark of 65% is necessary to be successful in the course.
Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students:
A list of recommended textbooks and materials is provided to students at the beginning of the semester.