This course is an overview of resources that are extracted from the Earth. Origin, extraction, use, economic effects and environmental impact will be discussed. Resources to be studied include energy, metals, industrial minerals, other minerals, soil, water and groundwater. A field trip may be scheduled.
1. Earth resources and society: Population and economic growth, exploitation and consequences, resources versus reserves, economic cycles.
2. Plate Tectonics and resources: rock cycle, plate tectonics overview, igneous and metamorphic processes, shallow subsurface processes, surface processes, marine processes.
3. History of Earth resources: early exploitation of resources, the colonial era, modern resource trends, history of resources in Canada.
4. Environmental impacts related to earth resources: resource extraction, usage, and waste disposal.
5. Resources, their properties, occurrence and use:
a) Energy: Fossil fuels, nuclear energy, geothermal energy, other renewable energy resources.
b) Metals and metaloids: Iron, aluminum, titanium, magnesium, silicon, nickel, chromium, base metals, precious metals, exotic metals.
c) Industrial Minerals used in fertilizers, chemicals, building materials, others.
d) Gemstones: diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds, others.
e) Water and groundwater: hydrologic cycle, occurrence, quality, production, conservation.
f) Soil: formation, properties, uses, conservation.
6. Future of Earth resources.
Methods of Instruction
Lecture and seminar. A field trip may be scheduled.
Means of Assessment
Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy. The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following:
Term papers, projects 10 - 40%
Assignments 0 - 20%
Midterm Exam 20 - 30%
Final Exam 30%
Upon completing the course, a student will be able to:
1. describe the relationship between society and the demand and use of Earth resources;
2. describe the concept of plate tectonics and the major related Earth processes, and explain how occurrence of important resources is related to tectonics;
3. understand that environmental impacts follow from use of resources, and be able to discuss important impacts and mitigating activities;
4. name important mineral and metal resources and discuss how they are extracted and used;
5. name important energy resources and discuss how they are harnessed or extracted;
6. describe the occurrence, use and extraction of groundwater and water;
7. describe uses and conservation of soil.
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system.
A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.
For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.