Resources from the Earth

Curriculum Guideline

Effective Date:
Course Code
EAES 1900
Resources from the Earth
Earth & Environmental Sciences
Science & Technology
Start Date
End Term
Not Specified
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
Contact Hours
3 hours lecture, 1 hour seminar
Method(s) Of Instruction
Learning Activities

Lecture and seminar.  A field trip may be scheduled.

Course Description
This course is an overview of resources that are extracted from the Earth. Origin, extraction, use, economic effects and environmental impact will be discussed. Resources to be studied include energy, metals, industrial minerals, other minerals, soil, water and groundwater. A field trip may be scheduled.
Course Content

1.  Earth resources and society:  Population and economic growth, exploitation and consequences, resources versus reserves, economic cycles.

2.  Plate Tectonics and resources:  rock cycle, plate tectonics overview, igneous and metamorphic processes, shallow subsurface processes, surface processes, marine processes.

3.  History of Earth resources:  early exploitation of resources, the colonial era, modern resource trends, history of resources in Canada.

4.  Environmental impacts related to earth resources:  resource extraction, usage, and waste  disposal.

5.  Resources, their properties, occurrence and use:

a)  Energy:  Fossil fuels, nuclear energy, geothermal energy, other renewable energy resources.

b)  Metals and metaloids:  Iron, aluminum,  titanium, magnesium, silicon, nickel, chromium, base metals, precious metals, exotic metals.

c)  Industrial Minerals used in fertilizers, chemicals, building materials, others.

d)  Gemstones:  diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds, others.

e)  Water and groundwater:  hydrologic cycle, occurrence, quality, production, conservation.

f)  Soil:  formation, properties, uses, conservation.

6.  Future of Earth resources.












Learning Outcomes

Upon completing the course, a student will be able to:

1.  describe the relationship between society and the demand and use of Earth resources;

2.  describe the concept of plate tectonics and the major related Earth processes, and explain how occurrence of important resources is related to tectonics;

3.  understand that environmental impacts follow from use of resources, and be able to discuss important impacts and mitigating activities;

4.  name important mineral and metal resources and discuss how they are extracted and used;

5.  name important energy resources and discuss how they are harnessed or extracted;

6.  describe the occurrence, use and extraction of groundwater and water;

7.  describe uses and conservation of soil.

Means of Assessment

Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy.  The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester.  Evaluation will be based on the following:

Term papers, projects          10 - 40%

Assignments                         0 - 20%                   

Midterm Exam                      20 - 30%

Final Exam                           30%



Textbook Materials

Students should consult the bookstore for the latest required course materials, including textbook.

Textbook:   Craig, J.R., Vaughn, D.J., Skinner, B.J; Earth Resources and the Environment; Prentice Hall or an equivalent text.





Which Prerequisite