This course will further develop veterinary clinical and laboratory skills, including transfusion medicine, serum chemistry testing, urinalysis, immunology and serology. Cytological techniques and microbiology are reviewed for all domestic veterinary species, with the emphasis on pathogens relevant to companion (small) animals. Enrollment is limited to students in the Veterinary Technology Program.
The major topics in this course include the following:
- Transfusion medicine
- canine and feline blood types
- blood typing techniques
- cross matching of blood for transfusion
- Components of the Urinalysis
- review sample collection techniques
- gross evaluation, urine specific gravity, biochemical analysis and sediment preparation and analysis
- Immunological and serological testing
- ELISA, serum agglutination and precipitation tests
- serum protein electrophoresis
- antibody titers
- in clinic test kits (SNAP, micro well) for heartworm and FeLV/FIV
- Whole blood and serum chemistry
- sample collection and handling
- record keeping and lab requisition forms
- testing procedures
- quality control
- manual testing
- Endocrine and major organ testing
- thyroid gland function
- adrenocortical gland function
- glucose homeostasis
- hepatic function
- renal function
- Cytology and histopathology
- tissue sampling, collection and preservation techniques
- preparation and staining
- gross and microscopic tissue and fluid analysis
- pathogen (bacterial, viral, fungal) growth patterns, morphology, testing techniques and control methods
- sample collection, including use of culture media
- gross colony and microscopic organism evaluation including staining techniques
- biochemical analysis
- laboratory safety and quality control
- basics of antimicrobial sensitivity testing
Methods of Instruction
This course involves three hours per week of classroom instruction and three hours per week of laboratory activity.
Means of Assessment
The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. A final minimum cumulative grade of “C” or 60% is required (in both lecture and lab components) in order to pass this course. Evaluation will be based on quizzes and assignments, practical evaluations including a final practical examination, at least one midterm and a final written examination.
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Describe veterinary blood types and perform blood typing and cross matching.
- Handle and prepare a urine sample, then perform a complete urinalysis.
- Perform serum chemistry profiles and recognize abnormalities.
- Describe common serological and immunological veterinary testing procedures.
- Collect, handle and prepare tissue and fluid samples for analysis.
- Apply staining techniques, use microbiological culture media and additional tests to identify microscopic organisms.
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system.
A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.
For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.
If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.