This course examines human physiological systems to prepare students for upper level courses in the biomedical sciences. The physiology of the integumentary, nervous, skeletal, endocrine, reproductive, circulatory, respiratory, digestive and excretory systems are examined in detail along with additional study of muscle physiology and disease resistance and immunity.
1. Tissue structure, Integumentary System, and early stages of embryology
The organization of the human body beyond the cellular level: The structure and function of the four tissue types
The integumentary system: The identification and description of the components of the epidermis and the dermis; specialized cells, structures, and glands
Early stages of human embryonic development
2. The Nervous System
The structure and function of the major parts of the brain and spinal cord
The structure and function of the major nerves
Components and functions of reflex arcs
Sensory receptors and associated neural pathways in the skin, muscles, and ligaments
Sensory receptors and associated neural pathways in the nose, eye, and ear
3. Muscle Physiology
The location, structure, and functions of major muscles and muscle groups of the human body
The gross anatomy of muscles and microscopic anatomy of muscle tissue
The physiology of skeletal muscle contraction
4. The Skeletal System
The basic structure, histology, and components of the human skeleton
The changes in skeletal structure during growth and development (ossification)
The basic mechanical principles of movement as they relate to joints (biomechanics)
5. Homeostasis / The Endocrine System
The definition of the term homeostasis, its importance, and the conditions required to fulfill homeostasis
The definitions of the terms internal environment, stress, positive feedback system and negative feedback system, and their roles in homeostasis
Examples of homeostatic mechanisms, including negative and positive feedback systems
The hormones of the endocrine glands will be identified, and the effects of each hormone will be studied
6. The Reproductive System
7. The Circulatory System
The human circulatory and lymphatic systems
The composition and properties of blood
The types, characteristics and functions of white blood cells
The ABO blood groups and the Rh factor
The tissues related to the heart
The heart conduction system
Major arteries and veins
Blood pressure and pulse
Major blood reservoirs in the body
The mechanism of blood clotting
8. Resistance and Immunity
9. The Respiratory System
The major components of the human respiratory system and their functions
The mechanism and types of ventilation
How oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported in the blood
The nervous control of breathing
Respiratory alkalosis and acidosis
10. The Digestive System
11. The Excretory System
Osmoregulation and fluid balance in humans
Fluid compartments and regulation of their electrolyte composition in humans
The major components of the human urinary system and their functions
Hormonal regulation of nephron function
Urinalysis: typical values of various components of human urine, and the health implications of selected abnormal values
Methods of Instruction
This course involves four hours per week of classroom instruction and two hours per week of laboratory activity. Classroom work will consist of lectures, tutorials, and work in small groups.
Means of Assessment
Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy. The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following:
|Class Tests and Assignments
|Laboratory assignments and quizzes
|Laboratory Examination - final
|Comprehensive Examination - midterm
|Comprehensive Examination - final
1. Laboratory Experiments and Activities
Laboratory work will be assigned each week. The laboratory work must be completed in the week it is assigned. Laboratory experiments and assignments are a compulsory component of this course. A minimum of 50% of the laboratory experiments and assignments must be completed to receive a P or better in the course.
There will be one midterm and one final examination. The final examination will cover the entire course. If the student achieves a better grade on the final exam than on the midterm examination, the midterm grade will be raised to equal that of the final examination.
Upon completion of BIOL 2103, the student will be able to describe:
- The structure and function of the four tissue types of the body.
- The components and functions of the integumentary system.
- The basic principles of homeostasis and negative feedback systems, and provide at least one example of a homeostatic mechanism.
- The glands of the endocrine system and name and specify the function of all major hormones.
- The structure and functions of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems.
- The origin, composition, and functions of blood.
- The basis of the ABO blood groups and explain the significance of this to blood transfusions.
- The mechanism of blood clotting.
- The basic organization of the immune system, and distinguish between non-specific and specific resistance, and distinguish between cellular and humoral specific immunity.
- The structure and function of the respiratory system and describe the transport of gases in the blood.
- The early stages of human embryonic development.
- The structure and functioning of the male and female reproductive systems.
- Gametogenesis as it takes place in both sexes.
- Early placental development.
- The components of the nervous system and identify the roles of the major components of the nervous system and associated sensory organs
- The location, structure, and functions of the major muscles of the body.
- The gross anatomy of muscles and the microanatomy of muscle tissue.
- The physiology of muscle contraction.
- The absorption, transport, storage and metabolic importance of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.
- The gross anatomy of the digestive system and describe the digestion of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
- The components of the urinary system and explain the process by which the kidney manufactures urine.
- The considerations included in a typical urinalysis.
BIOL 1110 AND BIOL 1210 or permission of the instructor
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system.
A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.
For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.
If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.