This course involves four hours per week of classroom instruction.
The major topics in this course include the following:
- Terminology & concepts
- drug development and marketing
- toxic levels and safety zones
- Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
- getting in, moving around, changing, getting out
- Drugs by body system
- central, peripheral, sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system drugs and reversal agents
- cardiovascular system: positive inotropic drugs, anti-arrhythmic drugs, vasodilators, diuretics, anti-coagulants; treatment of congestive heart failure
- respiratory system: expectorants, mucolytics, anti-tussives, bronchodilators and decongestants
- musculoskeletal system: acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase, NSAIDs, neuromuscular blockers, spasmolytics and anabolic steroids
- gastrointestinal system: emetics, anti-emetics, anti-ulcer, anti-diarrhea, laxatives and prokinetic drugs
- endocrine and reproductive systems: gonadotropins, estrogens, androgens, progestins, oxytocin, prostaglandins, corticosteroids, thyroid and adrenal gland modulators, blood glucose regulators; treatment of diabetes
- integumentary system: antibiotics, anti-fungals, anti-inflammatories, topicals
- ocular and aural systems: solutions, ointments, cleaners
- urinary system: diuretics; incontinence drugs; treatment of chronic kidney disease
- Drug classes
- analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs
- anti-neoplastic and immunosuppresive drugs
- anti-parasitic drugs: anthelmintics, anti-nematodals, anti-protozoals, ectoparasiticides
- antimicrobial drugs: bactericidal versus bacteriostatic, broad and narrow spectrum and mechanism of action
- anesthetics: local and general
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Use pharmacological terminology.
- Describe the process of drug development, marketing and research.
- Explain Canadian dispensing and prescription label regulations.
- Describe the basic concepts of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
- Calculate dosages of various drug formulations.
- List classes of nervous system and analgesic drugs (including anti-inflammatories) and explain their effects.
- Describe the uses of nervous system drugs for local and general anesthesia and analgesia.
- List classes of cardiovascular and respiratory drugs and explain their effects.
- List types of gastrointestinal and urinary drugs and explain their effects.
- List types of drugs that affect muscle function, skin, reproductive and endocrine systems and explain their effects.
- Discuss commonly used anti-parasitic drugs.
- Describe the types of ophthalmic and otic drugs, their uses and side effects.
- Describe the uses and types of antineoplastic and immunosuppressive drugs and their side effects.
- Discuss the use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine.
The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. A final minimum cumulative grade of “C” or 60% is required in order to pass this course. Evaluation will be based on quizzes and assignments, at least one midterm and a final written examination.
A list of required and optional textbooks and materials is provided for students at the beginning of each semester.