Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology 2

Science & Technology
Veterinary Technology
Course Code
VTEC 1201
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
Method(s) Of Instruction
Course Designation
Industry Designation
Typically Offered


Course Description
This course includes the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular, hematologic, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, reproductive and sensory systems of both small (canine, feline), avian and large (bovine, equine, ovine, caprine, porcine) animals. This course includes further development of veterinary terminology skills and completes the detailed review of small and large animal anatomical and physiological systems.
Course Content

1. Veterinary medical terminology

-      vocabulary, root words, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations and pronunciation

2. The cardiovascular system

-      major cardiovascular structures and functions

-      names and positions of cardiac valves

-      types of blood vessels

-      electrocardiogram (ECG) production: electrical conductivity through the heart

3. The lymphatic system

-      major lymphatic system structures and functions

-      relationship between the hematologic and lymphatic systems

-      immunity

4. The respiratory system

-      major respiratory system structures and functions

-      comparative anatomy of the lungs of different species

5. The urinary system

-      major urinary system structures and functions

-      nephron components and urine formation

-      blood pressure regulation by the renal system

6. The endocrine system

-      major endocrine system structures and functions

-      hormones secreted by endocrine glands and their target organs

-      normal glucose metabolism and regulation

7. The reproductive system

-      major reproductive system structures and functions

-      male and female reproductive system comparison

-      estrous cycle of various species

-      clinical signs of impending parturition

8. The sensory system

-      major sensory system structures and functions

-      eye and ear components and physiology

Learning Activities

This course may include working with cadavers, models and live animals, demonstrations, case studies, group work, classroom presentations, flipped classroom, simulations and/or online quizzes.

Means of Assessment

Evaluations will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College Evaluation Policy. The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. A final minimum cumulative grade of “C” or 60% is required in order to progress in the Veterinary Technology program.

Evaluation will be based on the following:

Quizzes (3)                 20-60% (no quiz worth more than 20%)    

Assignments               10-30%

Final Examination        25-40%

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of this course, successful students will be able to:

  1. Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular, lymphatic and immune systems.
  2. Describe the pathway of electrical conductivity through the heart.
  3. Describe the fetal circulatory system and the changes occurring at birth.
  4. Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system including the transport of gases in the blood.
  5. Describe the structure and function of the urinary system and explain the process by which the kidney produces urine.
  6. Describe the structure and function of the endocrine system and explain the feedback mechanism that controls release of endocrine hormones.
  7. Describe the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems.
  8. Describe the estrous cycle and factors influencing its stages.
  9. Describe the types of uteri and the types of placentation in various species.
  10. Identify the major structures and functions of the eye and ear, including the mechanisms of sight and hearing.
  11. Describe the steps necessary to perform a necropsy, including correct specimen collection techniques.
Textbook Materials

Consult the Douglas College Bookstore for the latest required textbooks and materials.



VTEC 1101 and VTEC 1102 and VTEC 1103 and VTEC 1112 and MATH 1183

Students in the Veterinary Technology program are required to maintain a minimum grade of (C) in all courses in order to progress in the program.


No corequisite courses.


No equivalent courses.

Course Guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester / year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

Course Transfers

These are for current course guidelines only. For a full list of archived courses please see

Institution Transfer Details for VTEC 1201
There are no applicable transfer credits for this course.

Course Offerings

Fall 2023