Physical Education and Coaching Methods

Curriculum Guideline

Effective Date:
Course Code
SPSC 4199
Physical Education and Coaching Methods
Sport Science
Science & Technology
Start Date
End Term
Semester Length
Max Class Size
Contact Hours
2 hours lecture per week 2 hours practical application (Lab/Gym/Field) per week
Method(s) Of Instruction
Learning Activities


Discussion groups

Practical application

Micro teaching

Video coding observation

Reading assignments

Course Description
In this course, students will undertake a study of the instructional and planning methods used by physical education teachers and coaches in order to meet the needs of their students and the curriculum goals. Topics include planning at the lesson and unit level, teaching styles, feedback styles and methods, characteristics of the learning environment, group management techniques, task analysis, and gauging instructor effectiveness. Application of the content will occur through micro-teaching sessions and reflective/analytical exercises.
Course Content

Module 1.                    The Teacher/Coach/ Learner


1.1.     Teacher/coach development

1.1.1.  Understanding the teaching/learning process

1.1.2.  Responsibilities as a teacher

1.1.3.  Conveying your enthusiasm

1.1.4.  Voice tones

1.1.5.  Use of silence

1.1.6.  Use of props

1.1.7.  Professional development plan

1.2.     Teaching/coaching philosophy

1.3.     Teaching styles

1.3.1.  Types  Command  Practice  Reciprocal  Self Check  Inclusion  Guided discovery

1.3.2.  Anatomy of any teaching style

1.3.3.  Organizational options  Task teaching  Learning centres  Station teaching.  Episodic teaching.

1.3.4.  Utilization of multiple teaching styles

1.3.5.  Choosing appropriate teaching styles

1.4.     Learning styles

1.4.1.  Visual

1.4.2.  Verbal

1.4.3.  Kinesthetic

1.4.4.  Intellectual


Module 2.                    Understanding the Physical Education Content


2.1.     Task analysis

2.1.1.  Phases

2.1.2.  Preparation

2.1.3.  Execution

2.1.4.  Follow through

2.1.5.  Biomechanical movement principles

2.1.6.  Growth and development factors

2.1.7.  Transfer of learning

2.2.     Activity development

2.2.1.  Fundamental movement skills – developmental stages

2.2.2.  Developmental games

2.2.3.  Games education models – classification, teaching games for understanding

2.2.4.  Cooperative education

2.2.5.  Modifications - simplify or challenge

2.2.6.  Task

2.2.7.  Expectation

2.2.8.  Equipment

2.2.9.  Space

2.2.10.      Tactical development


Module 3.                    The Planning Process


3.1.     Lesson planning

3.2.     Unit planning

3.3.     Setting measurable learning objectives  Psychomotor  Cognitive  Affective

3.3.2.  Reflecting program goals

3.3.3.  Defining success criterion

3.4.     Teaching sequences

3.4.1.  Teaching progressions

3.4.2.  Activity adaptations

3.5.     Safety considerations

3.5.1.  Space managements

3.5.2.  Equipment safety and maintenance

3.6.     Common challenges and issues

3.6.1.  Cultural sensitivity

3.6.2.  Gender equality

3.6.3.  Inclusion

3.6.4.  Integration of fitness and wellness

3.7.     Evaluation process

3.7.1.  Monitoring and feedback

3.7.2.  Creative information management

3.7.3.  Authentic assessment

3.7.4.  Rubrics

3.7.5.  Technology integrated into physical activity


Module 4.                    The Teaching / Coaching Process


4.1.     Warm-up and cool-down

4.2.     Teaching strategies

4.2.1.  Whole-part-whole

4.2.2.  Shaping

4.2.3.  Part practice

4.2.4.  Simplification

4.2.5.  Progressions

4.2.6.  Body scaling

4.2.7.  Massed

4.2.8.  Distributed

4.3.     Understanding feedback, classification, strengths, and weaknesses

4.3.1.  Sender and receiver channels

4.3.2.  Types of feedback  Task intrinsic sensory  Augmented  Value  Corrective  Neutral  Ambiguous  Reinforcement  Motivating  Knowledge of results (Process)   Knowledge of performance (Outcome)

4.3.3.  Frequency

4.3.4.  Timing  Immediate and delayed

4.3.5.  Public or private

4.3.6.  Individual or group

4.3.7.  Feedback combinations

4.4.     Maximizing teacher effectiveness and using available feedback

4.4.1.  Task presentation  Introduction and demonstration  Transitions  Intervention  Error detect and correct – self and students

4.4.2.  Debriefing

4.4.3.  Understanding and implementing organizational routines

4.4.4.  Teacher functions during activity  Selecting appropriate teaching strategies  Achieving student motivation, personal growth, and inclusion

4.4.5.  Creating and using effective teaching/instructional cues

4.4.6.  Observation techniques and tools


Module 5.                    Group Management


5.1.     Philosophy as a guide

5.2.     Positive discipline

5.2.1.  Defined and Requirements

5.3.     Management strategies

5.4.     Teaching social skills through the taking personal and social responsibility model

5.5.     Creating routines for the class – formations, sound cues etc

5.6.     Organize groups into learning units

5.7.     Role modeling and development of personal and social responsibility

5.8.     Using space and available resources to maximize learning opportunities and minimize conflict


Module 6.                    Research Skills


6.1.     Research, critique, and compare physical education or coaching methods articles

6.1.1.  Microteaching observations

6.1.2.  Identifying and analyzing critical teaching components

6.1.3.  Use video and available software to code teaching/coaching behaviours


Douglas College Signature Items:


Core Competencies:


  1. Oral, written and interpersonal communication:

-Students will write activities, lesson plans and unit plans

-The course may require ‘team’ teaching/coaching in which effective interpersonal communication model will be adopted.

-There may be a verbal presentation component to the planning documents for teaching physical education.


  1. Independent learning and information literacy:

-Resource materials in the area of physical education and pedagogy will be assessed and discussed to form practical principles that can be used in the classroom/gymnasium/field.


  1. Critical and creative thinking:

-Leadership performances will be critically and creatively analyzed with feedback, brainstorming, comparison and problem solving required.

-The SPSC theme ‘critical thinking model’ will be role modeled by the instructor and eventually demonstrated by the students.


  1. Computational and information technology skills:

-The class may require the use of video, software applications and PowerPoint.


  1. Teamwork:

-This course will challenge students to work in teams and be aware of group dynamics in a multitude of situations: partner, group and school children/teacher in leadership, assignments, discussions and teacher evaluations


Academic Signature Elements:


a. Applied skills and abilities:

-Students will be responsible for applying methods learned in class to an active teaching/coaching session delivered to their peers and/or school aged children.

-Students will apply knowledge of instructional methods in Physical Education and coaching in the collection of video coding data on self and peer leadership actions/behaviours.  Data will be used for self reflection and discussion on best practices in the field.  

-Organization, communication and feedback dialogue will take place between participants, school teachers, Faculty and student-teacher, challenging students’ employment professionalism


b. Ethical behaviour and social responsibility – effective citizenship:

-College policy on student behaviour and expectations will be expected to be upheld during all class activities at all times. 

-Personal and social responsibility may be evaluated in class participation, group discussions and/or group assignments.

Learning Outcomes
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the teaching and learning process including: teaching styles, organizational options and learning styles.


  1. Identify and create activity, lesson, and unit plans that satisfy the guiding principles of learning outcomes, goal setting, risk management and safety, appropriate equipment and resource (space) use, and assessment of learning outcomes.


  1. Plan, lead, evaluate, and reflect on a practical learning session with peers or school-aged children that demonstrates knowledge and application of effective warm-up and cool-down, teaching strategies, feedback decisions and task presentation.


  1. Demonstrate knowledge and application of task analysis and activity development in a wide array of skills, games, models and modifications in sport and physical activity settings.


  1. Describe methods of group management in teaching and coaching environments.


  1. Identify the role of educational methods research in physical education and coaching with the ability to critically analyze the teaching and learning process.
Means of Assessment

The selection of evaluation tools for this course is based upon:

1.    Adherence to college evaluation policy regarding number and weighing of evaluations, for example a course of three credits or more should have at least three separate evaluations.

2.    A developmental approach to evaluation that is sequenced and progressive.

3.    Evaluation is used as a teaching tool for both students and instructors.

4.    Commitment to student participation in evaluation through such processes as self and peer evaluation, and program/ instructor evaluation.


A sample assessment for this course:

Practice teaching – mini lessons                                                 30%

Unit plan                                                                                 20%

Final                                                                                       20%

Leadership Behaviour Coding /Research Assignment                     20%

Preparation and participation                                                     10%

Total                                                                                     100%

Textbook Materials

Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students:


Potential resources include:


Rink, J. (2006). Teaching Physical Education for Learning 5th Edition. McGraw-Hill Ryerson Publishers, Whitby Ontario, Canada.

Fishburne, G. S. Developmentally Appropriate Physical Education for Today’s Children and Youth,  2005  Ripon Publishing, Edmonton Alberta, Canada.


Darst and Pangrazi, (2002). Dynamic Physical Education for Secondary Students 4th edition. Benjamin Cummings, Pearson Education, Newmarket, Ontario, Canada.


Darst and Gibbons. (2003). Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary Students Canadian edition. Allyn & Bacon, Boston, Massachusetts.


S. A. Mitchell, J. L. Oslin, and L. L. Griffin. (2006) Teaching Sport Concepts and Skills: A Tactical Games Approach 2nd edition.


M. Mosston and S. Ashworth. (2002). Teaching Physical Education 5th edition. Benjamin Cummings, Pearson Education, Newmarket, Ontario, Canada.  


D. L. Gallahue, F. Cleland-Donnelly. (2003). Developmental Physical Education for All Children 4th edition. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, USA.


“MIT” Physical Education Instruction coding software  - video, CD or DVD purchases may be necessary



Certifications/Conference requirements:


As part of the course, instructors and students may engage in extra-curricular certification processes that overlap with the curriculum of the class. Fees for professional certification, where applicable, will be borne by the student. Potential certifications relating to this course include:


Officiating Module – Sport Institute Cost: $65



SPSC 1311 or SPSC 1312 or SPSC 1313 or

SPSC 1314 or SPSC 2321 or SPSC 2322 or

SPSC 2323 or SPSC 2324 or SPSC 2325 AND

SPSC 3399 (or permission of the instructor).