Curriculum Guideline

Gambling in Canada

Effective Date:
Course Code
CRIM 4470
Gambling in Canada
Humanities & Social Sciences
Start Date
End Term
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
Contact Hours
Lecture 4 hrs/week/semester
Method Of Instruction
Methods Of Instruction

This course will employ a variety of instructional methods to accomplish its objectives, including some of the following: lectures

  • seminars
  • audio visual material
  • small group discussions
  • research projects and research papers
Course Description
Gambling has become a ubiquitous form of human behaviour in most societies. This course considers gambling in late modernity through an examination of the historical, legal, political, economic, social and cultural features of western societies with an emphasis on how these features have influenced public policies in Canada. Course themes include an historical synopsis, legal issues, public policy formation, gambling participation, gambling addiction, government operation and regulation, First Nations gambling, and criminological concerns such as organized crime, loan sharking, money laundering, fraud and corruption.
Course Content
  1. History of gambling in Canada
  2. Political, legal, social, economic, cultural forces shaping gambling globally and within Canada
  3. Provincial-federal relations with respect to lotteries and other forms of legal gambling
  4. Pathological and problem gambling, how it is measured, assessed, treated
  5. Operational and regulatory models of legal gambling in Canada
  6. The status of First Nations gambling in Canada
  7. The gambling-crime nexus
  8. Global gambling expansion and its impact on Canadian gambling policies
  9. The future of  such gambling activities as: bingo, casinos, Video Lottery Terminals, and  Internet gambling
  10. Community perceptions of the costs/benefits of gambling
Learning Outcomes

At the conclusion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Identify and discuss the key dates and circumstances surrounding amendments to the gambling sections of the Criminal Code of Canada.
  2. Examine the legal, social, political, and economic forces that have shaped Canada’s gambling laws and policies.
  3. Explain the role played by provincial governments in monopolizing and expanding legal gambling in Canada.
  4. Critically assess the extent and impact of problem gambling in Canada.
  5. Describe and explain the strategies developed to ameliorate problem gambling in Canada.
  6. Identify and discuss the economic costs and benefits of expanded legal gambling
  7. Examine the nature of the global expansion of gambling and its impact on Canadian gambling policies.
  8. Discuss and critique the relationship between gambling and crime
  9. Explain the regulatory and operational models of gambling in Canada, including the status of gambling in First Nation territories.
  10. Analyze the prospects of continued expansion of legal gambling, such as casinos, lotteries, and Internet-based gambling.
Means of Assessment
Class Presentation  10%
Term Assignment (e.g. Term Paper)  30%
Term Exams  (x2)  50%
Final Examination  10%
Total 100%
Textbook Materials

Course pack of relevant selected readings will be available, subject to copyright approval.

Texts will be updated periodically.

Examples may include:

  1. Belanger, Y.D. (2011) First Nations Gambling in Canada, University of Manitoba Press. Winnipeg.
  2. Cosgrave, J. & Klassen, T.R. (2009) Casino State: Legalized Gambling in Canada, U. of T. Press, Toronto.
  3. Morton, S (2003) At Odds: Gambling & Canadians 1919-1969, U. of T. Press, Toronto.