Human Anatomy and Physiology II

Curriculum Guideline

Effective Date:
Course Code
BIOL 1203
Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Science & Technology
Start Date
End Term
Not Specified
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
Course Designation
Industry Designation
Contact Hours

Lecture: 4 hours/week

Lab: 2 hours/week

Method(s) Of Instruction
Learning Activities

This course involves both classroom instruction and laboratory activities. Classroom work will consist of lectures, tutorials, and work in small groups.

Course Description
This course is a continuation of the study of the anatomy and physiology of humans. Systems covered include the endocrine, circulatory, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.

Enrollment is usually limited to students in Health Science and Sport Science programs.
Course Content

1. The endocrine system

  • Endocrine glands and hormones they produce
  • Effects of major hormones on the human body

2. Composition and functions of the circulatory and lymphatic systems

  • Components of the circulatory and lymphatic systems and their associated functions
  • Composition of blood
  • White blood cells
  • Tissues related to the heart
  • Conduction system of the heart
  • Major arteries and veins

3. Blood

  • ABO blood groups, including the Rh factor
  • Blood pressure and pulse
  • Mechanism of blood clotting

4. The immune system

  • Nature and roles of non-specific resistance
  • Cellular specific and humoral specific immunity

5. The respiratory system

  • Composition and function of respiratory system structures
  • Mechanism and types of ventilation
  • Mechanisms of transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood
  • Nervous control of breathing 

6. The digestive system

  • Composition and function of digestive system structures
  • Significance of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins in nutrition and energy metabolism 

7. The biochemistry of energy metabolism

8. The major electrolytes of the body

  • Regulation of the electrolyte composition
  • Regulation of fluid balance

9. The excretory system

  • Composition and function of excretory system structures
  • Functioning of the nephron in the manufacture of urine

10. The reproductive system

  • Male and female reproductive structures
  • Functioning of the reproductive system

11. Human embryonic development, including fetal development, labour, and lactation 

12. The principles of genetics, as they apply to humans

  • Modes of inheritance
  • Common genetic disorders
  • Amniocentesis

13. Fetal pig dissections with particular reference to the respiratory, digestive, cardiovascular, excretory, and reproductive systems

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to:

  • describe the glands of the endocrine system;
  • name and specify the function of all major hormones;

  • describe the structure and functions of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems;

  • describe the origin, composition, and functions of blood;

  • describe the basis of the ABO blood groups and explain its significance to blood transfusions;

  • describe the mechanism of blood clotting;

  • describe the basic organization of the immune system;

  • distinguish between non-specific and specific resistance;

  • distinguish between cellular and humoral specific immunity;

  • describe the structure and function of the respiratory system;

  • describe the transport of gases in the blood;

  • describe the basic requirements of human nutrition and the roles of various nutrients in the body;

  • describe the absorption, transport, storage, and metabolic importance of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins;

  • describe the gross anatomy of the digestive system;

  • describe the digestion of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins;

  • describe energy metabolism, including the processes of glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and the electron transport chain;

  • describe the importance of oxygen in respiration and compare aerobic and anaerobic respiration;

  • describe the fluid and electrolyte composition of the body;

  • explain how fluid and electrolyte balance is maintained;

  • describe the components of the urinary system;

  • explain the process by which the kidney manufactures urine;

  • describe the considerations included in a typical urinalysis;

  • describe the structure and functioning of the male and female reproductive systems;

  • describe embryonic and fetal development;

  • describe the changes which take place in the mother during fetal development and lactation;

  • describe the principles of genetics as they apply to humans;

  • describe the mode of inheritance and methods of in utero detection of common genetic abnormalities;

  • describe the structure and functioning of the major mammalian body systems using a dissected fetal pig as a model.

Means of Assessment

Assessment will be in accordance with the Douglas College Evaluation Policy. The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following:

Quizzes and Assignments: 15-25%

Laboratory Assignments and Quizzes: 5-15%

Laboratory Final Examination: 10-20%

Term Test(s): 20-40%

Final Examination: 20-40%

Total: 100%



1. Laboratory Experiments and Activities

Laboratory work will be assigned each week and must be completed in the week it is assigned. Laboratory experiments and assignments are a compulsory component of this course. A minimum of 50% of the laboratory experiments and assignments must be completed to receive a P grade or better in the course.

Textbook Materials

Consult the Douglas College Bookstore for the latest required textbooks and materials. Example textbooks and materials may include:

Marieb, E.N & Hoehn, K.  Human Anatomy & Physiology (Current Edition). Pearson Education Inc. 

Douglas College produced manual:  Biology 1203/1209:  Human Anatomy and Physiology II.



BIOL 1103 or BIOL 1109


B.C. Biology 12 (with B or better)


B.C. Anatomy and Physiology 12 (with B or better)