This course provides an introduction to the physical and chemical properties of minerals. The course will cover identification and classification of rock-forming and economic minerals, crystallography and analytical methods, mineral occurrences and associations. Field trips will be required.
Basics: Definition of a mineral; Overview of mineral classes; Physical properties of minerals and how they relate to chemical properties.
Crystal structure: Governing chemical principles; Symmetry operations; Crystal systems and crystal classes; Twinning and polymorphs.
Analytical methods: Introduction to quantitative and semi-quantitative lab- and field-based analytical methods.
Mineral identification and classification (silicates, sulphides, oxides, carbonates, others).
Mineral Occurrences and Associations
Introduction to various physico-chemical environments (e.g. pegmatites, sulphides, others).
Methods of Instruction
The primary mode of instruction will involve lectures and laboratories. Field trips will be required.
Means of Assessment
Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy. The instructor will present a writtten course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following:
Lecture and lab assignments, projects, homework: 10-30%
Lab exams, quizzes: 20-40%
Midterm exam: 20-25%
Final exam: 30%
After successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Identify the point group symmetry of a variety of crystals and crystal models and classify them into crystal systems.
- Explain the principles of translational symmetry and the chemical criteria governing the variation of crystal structure.
- Explain the most important chemical and structural characteristics of the major mineral classes.
- Describe the various physical and chemical techniques used to identify minerals.
- Identify a wide variety of rock-forming and economically important minerals in hand sample.
- Identify mineral associations and relate environment and processes to mineral occurrences.
CHEM 1110 and one of EAES 1120, GEOL 1120, GEOG 1120, EAES 1121, or GEOL 1121
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system.
A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.
For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.
If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.