COVID-19 information and resources
Douglas College wordmark
Facebook logo Twitter logo Instagram logo Snapchat logo YouTube logo Wordpress logo
back to search

Police and Community

Course Code: CRIM 4440
Faculty: Humanities & Social Sciences
Department: Criminology
Credits: 3.0
Semester: 15
Learning Format: Lecture
Typically Offered: TBD. Contact Department Chair for more info.
course overview

This course examines the philosophy and practice of community policing and contrasts community-based approaches with traditional models of policing. The course critically explores the history of community policing and police reform in Canada specifically and in North America generally. It reviews the structure and delivery of modern policing services as a response to contemporary issues such as fear of crime and the changing nature of crime in diverse communities.

Course Content

  1. Policing in Canada
    • Evolution of Canadian policing
    • Overview of contemporary Canadian policing
  2. Community Policing
    • Definition
    • Contrast to other policing styles
    • Understanding modern community policing
  3. The Police and Public Perceptions and Expectations
    • Community policing and fear
  4. Canadian Police Culture, Organizational Change and Community Policing
  5. Crime Response and Crime Prevention within a Community Policing framework
    • The community police officer
  6. Community Policing Strategies
    • Problem-oriented policing
    • Intelligence-led policing
    • COMPSTAT – Computer Statistics
    • Team policing
    • Restorative justice approaches
  7. The Community and Community Policing
    • The increasing diversity of Canadian communities
    • Increasing reliance on volunteers
  8. Assessing the Effectiveness of Community Policing

Methods of Instruction

The course will employ a range of instructional techniques:

  • lecture
  • class discussion
  • audio-visual materials
  • guest lectures
  • examinations and term projects, including term papers.

Means of Assessment

Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy.  The instructor will provide a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester.  Evaluation will be based on some of the following:

  1. Short Answer Tests
  2. Exams
  3. Term Papers

An example of one possible evaluation scheme would be:

Midterm 1  20%
Midterm 2  20%
Term Paper  30%
Final Exam  30%
 Total 100%

Learning Outcomes

At the conclusion of the course the successful student will be able to:

  1. Describe the evolution of Canadian policing.
  2. Explain the structure and governance of modern Canadian policing.
  3. Define community policing and contrast it to traditional forms of policing.
  4. Illustrate public perceptions and expectations with respect to policing services.
  5. Explain the fear of crime phenomenon and its impact on policing.
  6. Describe the function and purpose of community police officers.
  7. Depict and assess problem-oriented policing, intelligence-led policing, team policing approaches.
  8. Analyze the utility of restorative justice approaches with a community policing philosophy.
  9. Describe the existing Canadian police culture.
  10. Evaluate the evolving nature of crime and policing in diverse communities.

course prerequisites

CRIM 1120


Courses listed here must be completed either prior to or simultaneously with this course:

  • No corequisite courses


Courses listed here are equivalent to this course and cannot be taken for further credit:

  • No equivalency courses

curriculum guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

course schedule and availability
course transferability

Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system. 

A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.

For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.


If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.