COVID-19 information and resources
Douglas College wordmark
Facebook logo Twitter logo Instagram logo Snapchat logo YouTube logo Wordpress logo
back to search

Sociological Explanations of Criminal Behaviour

Course Code: CRIM 2252
Faculty: Humanities & Social Sciences
Department: Criminology
Credits: 3.0
Semester: 15
Learning Format: Lecture, Hybrid
Typically Offered: TBD. Contact Department Chair for more info.
course overview

This course will critically examine the sociological, socio-cultural, and socio-psychological explanations of criminal behaviour such as the ecological theories, conflict theories, control theories, and symbolic interactionist theories. Some of the specific theories subjected to critical examination will be those concerned with class and group conflict, subcultures, social conditioning, containment, differential association, labelling and gender.

Course Content

  1. Introduction and Overview
    • Reviewing Sociological Paradigms and Concepts
    • Determining What is Good Theory
    • Distinguishing Different Types of Theories
    • Social Context and Theories
    • Conceptions of Deviance
  2. Theories and Perspectives
    • The Classical School
    • The Positive School
    • The Functionalist Perspective
    • Anomie / Strain and Opportunity Theories
    • The Chicago School
    • Social Disorganization
    • Differential Association/Differential Opportunity
    • Techniques of Neutralization
    • Control/Containment Theories
    • Culture, Radical and Analytical Conflict Theories
    • Peacemaking Theories
    • Postmodernist Theories
    • Gender Theories
  3. Themes of Crime and Deviance, such as:
    • Prostitution
    • Rape and Other Sexual Assaults
    • Family Violence Including Sexual Abuse
    • White Collar Crime
    • Alcohol and Drug Issues
    • Homicide
    • Mental and Physical Illness as Deviance
    • Terrorism

Methods of Instruction

The course will employ a variety of instructional methods to accomplish its objectives, including some of the following:

  • lectures
  • seminar presentations
  • audio visual materials including video
  • small group discussions
  • research projects
  • research papers
  • online assignments
  • online discussion groups

Means of Assessment

Evaluation will be based on course objectives and carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy.  The instructor will provide a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester.  Evaluation will be based on some of the following:

  1. Short Answer Tests
  2. Exams
  3. Oral Presentation
  4. Research Project/ Term Paper
  5. Class & Online discussion Participation

An example of one possible evaluation scheme would be:

2 mid-semester exams      
each 30%
Final exam  10%
Research paper  30%
Total 100%

Learning Outcomes

The primary objective of this course is to familiarize students with the general principles of sociological analysis.  Students will learn to describe sociological explanations of law and sociological explanations of deviant and criminal behaviour.  In addition, students will learn to critically evaluate and assess sociological theories of crime and deviance and discuss the implications of relevant research. Students will be able to apply specific theoretical perspectives to the exploration of how deviance and crime are created and maintained and how specific individuals become identified as deviant or criminal both within institutional and non-institutional settings.

Learning Outcomes:

At the successful conclusion of the course, students will be able to

1. Distinguish between scholarly and lay theores of crime & deviance.

2. Decribe and evaluate methods by which crime & deviance are studied empirically

3. Critically evaluate sociological theories of crime and deviance.

4. Distinguish between crime & deviance

5. Evaluate and apply theoretical explanations and perspectives to the processes by which crime & deviance are created and dealt with.

6. Critically assess positivist and constructionist approaches in the study of crime & deviance.

course prerequisites

SOCI 1125

curriculum guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

course schedule and availability
course transferability

Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system. 

A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.

For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.


If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.