Anatomy, Physiology and Medical Terminology

Curriculum Guideline

Effective Date:
Course Code
OADM 1114
Anatomy, Physiology and Medical Terminology
Office Administration
Commerce & Business Administration
Start Date
End Term
Semester Length
15 Weeks
Max Class Size
Contact Hours

Lecture: 4 Hours 

Method(s) Of Instruction
Learning Activities

Lecture of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology.

Course Description
This course is designed to teach the medical language by the study of prefixes, suffixes, root words, abbreviation and pronunciation of words. Anatomy and physiology are included in order to increase the understanding of the medical vocabulary. Terminology will better enable the medical office assistant student to prepare for work in all medical environments including the preparation of the student for medical transcription.
Course Content

1.  Introduction to Medical Terminology

1.1  component parts of medical words
1.2  meaning of basic combining forms, prefixes and suffixes
1.3  use of component parts to build medical words
1.4  pronunciation of medical words

2.  Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

2.1  composition of the cell
2.2  types of tissues and membranes
2.3  dorsal and ventral cavities and associated organs
2.4  anatomical and clinical divisions of the body
2.5  positions, directions and planes

3.  Introduction to the Disease Process

3.1   causes and predisposing causes of disease
3.2   incidence of disease
3.3   communicable, epidemic, and endemic disease
3.4   diagnosis and treatment of disease
3.5   infection and modes of transmission
3.6   pathogenic organisms
3.7   cross-infection
3.8   microbial control - community and medical environment

 4.  Digestive System

4.1  vocabulary, root words, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations and pronunciation of words pertaining to the digestive system
4.2  basic anatomy of the digestive and accessory structures
4.3  common disorders of the digestive system
4.4  process of digestion

5.  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Body Temperature

5.1  catabolism, anabolism
5.2  food for energy
5.3  minerals and vitamins
5.4  practical aspects of nutrition
5.5  metabolic rate
5.6  heat loss, production and temperature regulation
5.7  fever, hypothermia

 6.  Urinary System

6.1   vocabulary, root words, prefixes, suffixes, abbreviations and pronunciation of words
6.2   organs of the urinary system
6.3   structure of the kidneys
6.4   physiology of the kidney
6.5   function of the kidney
6.6   common disorders of the urinary system
6.7   urine and urinalysis
6.8   body fluids

7.  Reproductive System

7.1  vocabulary, root words, prefixes, suffixes, abbreviations and pronunciation of terms
7.2  basic anatomy of the reproductive systems
7.3  physiology of the reproductive systems
7.4  common diseases pertaining to the reproductive systems
7.5  sexually transmitted diseases
7.6  menstrual cycle and pregnancy
7.7  disorders of pregnancy
7.8  menopause, contraception

8.  Nervous System

8.1  vocabulary, root words, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations
8.2  nerve cell - structure and function
8.3  central nervous system - structure, function and disorders
8.4  peripheral nervous system - structure, function and disorders
8.5  autonomic nervous system - structure, function and disorders

9. Respiratory System

9.1 vocabulary, root words, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations and pronunciation
9.2 organs of the respiratory system
9.3 physiology of respiration
9.4 common diseases of the respiratory system
9.5 medical terms describing abnormal respirations

Learning Outcomes

The student will be able to:

  1. Define the rules necessary to study and use medical terminology.
  2. Describe body organization from the cellular level to the systems level.
  3. Describe the diagnosis, control and treatment of transmissible disease processes.
  4. Describe the basic anatomy, physiology and disorders of the digestive, urinary, reproductive, nervous, and respiratory systems.
  5. Use the vocabulary, root words, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations and pronunciation of words pertaining to the above systems.
Means of Assessment
Tests (Minimum of four)     40%
Mid-term examination  30%
Final examination  30%
Total 100%

Students may conduct research as part of their coursework in this class. Instructors for the course are responsible for ensuring that student research projects comply with College policies on ethical conduct for research involving humans, which can require obtaining Informed Consent from participants and getting the approval of the Douglas College Research Ethics Board prior to conducting the research.

Textbook Materials

Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students



Chabner, Davi-Ellen.  The Language of Medicine, Current Ed. 


Janson Cohen, Barbara.  Memmler's The Human Body in Health & Disease, Current Ed.  


OR other text(s) approved by the department.       



NOTE:  These two texts are also used for OADM 1214.


English 11 with a grade of “C” or better or equivalent

Which Prerequisite