This course examines the basic nature of reasoning and the fallacies which prevent good reasoning. Emphasis will be on understanding the logical structure of argument and on recognizing the influence of emotional and rhetorical persuasion in media presentations, political discussions, advertisements, general academic writings and one’s own arguments. Students may also have the opportunity for their own arguments to be assessed by others. Both the theory and practice of critical thinking are covered. There is a greater emphasis upon the popular presentation of oral and written arguments than in PHIL 2201. Critical Thinking is highly recommended to all students in occupational and academic programs, and provides an important foundation for further work in Philosophy.
- The nature of sound reasoning as differentiated from unsound reasoning, the examination of proposition and inference, of inductive and deductive argument.
- The analysis and evaluation of basic argument forms both spoken a written, as in, for example, current newspapers, magazines, articles, excerpts from books, and on the web.
- The nature of the development of a philosophical understanding and the role of arguments in that development.
- Practice in various specific forms of reasoning such as analogy, causal inference, and inference from authority.
- Practice in the dialogical formulation of arguments, by means of formal and informal debate and of the assumption of argument roles.
- Practice in composing brief written arguments on selected subjects.
- Practice in the detection and recognition of natural language fallacies.
Methods of Instruction
- Lecture and seminar. The class may be divided into small sections for the seminars.
- Regular practice/exercises, based on lectures and seminars.
- Examination of written and oral arguments to detect fallacies and illustrate sound thinking.
- May also include regular on-line, in-class, or take-home practices or exercises, based on lectures, seminars, or on-line content.
Means of Assessment
Evaluation will be based upon course objectives and will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy. The instructor will provide a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester.
Any possible combination of the following which equals 100%:
|Tests, Quizzes, Short Written Assignments
|| 30% – 60%
||Five 10% Tests
|Written Class Presentations, Argument Analyses, Exams
|| 20% – 50%
||Two 20% Analyses
|Instructor’s General Evaluation
(may include attendance class participation,
group work, homework, etc.)
| 0% – 20%
(No one evaluation component within each category may exceed 40%)
The successful student will be able to appreciate and engage in the following practices:
- Participation in dialogue in a way that enables the students to experience and reflect upon their own thinking as it is expressed in communication with others.
- Examination from newspapers, magazines, articles and books, the web, and other instances of contemporary expression so as to discern genuine thinking from the spurious.
- Thinking for themselves, and the development of confidence in their own thinking.
- The recognition that much, if not most, of what passes for thinking actually prevents thinking and substitutes for it other things such as force, rhetoric, propaganda, etc.
- The discovery of those elements which militate against thinking.
- The cultivation of a deeper understanding of the world.
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system.
A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.
For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.
If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.