Perspectives on the Environment – Creating a Sustainable Society
- Environmental problems in the Lower Mainland and their sources
- population growth trends in BC, with a focus on patterns in the Lower Mainland
- the local physical and natural environment
- land use patterns as they relate to transportation and green space issues
- general considerations of solid wastes, liquid wastes, toxic chemicals, and air quality
- the history of the liveable region strategy and its influence
- Social perceptions of the environment
- what constitutes the “environment” and “nature”
- the expansionist (domination), Malthusian, and ecological world views
- intrinsic versus instrumental value; deep ecology versus shallow ecology
- challenges to the expansionist world view from ecological, economic, and political domains
- history of current attitudes towards the environment—Aldo Leopold, Rachel Carson, Arne Naess and the Club of Rome
- moral and ethical issues relating to our use and abuse of the environment, and possible solutions to environmental problems
- comparison of different cultural perspectives on the environment, especially those of aboriginal peoples
- Consensus building and public consultation
- definition of circumstances in which there are equally valid priorities
- dispute resolution techniques and approaches as they pertain to social solutions to environmental problems—e.g. Fraser River Estuary Management Program
- the Commission on Resources and the Environment, its successes and failures
- global processes such as the United Nations Commission on the Environment and Development, and the Rio Conference (especially Agenda 21)
- Making communities more sustainable
- description of the activities of the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy
- description of the activities of the BC Round Table on the Environment and the Economy
- general implications of social equity and economic balance in a more environmentally sensitive society
- indicators of progress in areas of social equity, economic balance, and the environment
- bioregionalism and appropriated carrying capacities as considerations in designing sustainable communities
- Reducing solid waste and improving solid waste disposal
- options for reducing solid waste and their business and social implications—electronic mail, standardized beverage containers, composting, etc.
- sources and types of solid waste characteristic of a city, and Greater Vancouver in particular
- differences in dealing with municipal, industrial, commercial, and institutional sources, including demolition, land clearing, and construction wastes
- unique problems each sector faces with collection and disposal
- the strengths and weaknesses of the 3 R’s approach in changing people’s values in adopting more environmentally friendly lifestyles
- Reducing municipal liquid waste and improving liquid waste disposal
- distinction between sanitary sewage and storm drains, combined sewer outfalls
- types and sources of wastes from sanitary sewage
- review of treatment techniques currently used, assessment of costs and benefits
- methods to encourage source reduction and pre-treatment of liquid waste from businesses
- sludge treatment; benefits and management of biosolids
- innovative techniques such as wetland treatment
- boats—pleasure craft and recreational liquid waste issues
- Mechanisms to reduce toxic chemical use in our society and disposal techniques.
- survey of possible approaches to reduce the need for toxic chemicals—product alternatives (e.g. glass versus plastics), reduced demand (e.g. integrated pest management), fuel alternatives (e.g. solar versus petrochemical)
- types of toxic chemicals, distinction between acute versus chronic effects
- identification of types and sources of hazardous wastes in the home, businesses, and industry
- techniques for hazardous chemical disposal
- Improving air quality through technology and social change
- point sources of industrial and residential air pollutants with respect to global, regional and local issues
- improvements to air quality due to technological change (e.g. pollution control devices on automobiles, precipitators and scrubbers on industrial stacks)
- affect of air pollution on global issues of the Greenhouse Effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, and human health
- diffuse sources of air pollutants such as automobile exhaust, smoke, particulate matter, and carbon monoxide
- improvements in air quality through social change—e.g. “Clouds of Change” report, recommendations, successes and failures
- Improving air quality through changes in urban design
- patterns of urban development (e.g. grid versus interrupted, cluster housing) and urban sprawl
- creation of town centres and promotion of nodal development and cluster housing
- transportation patterns and alternatives (e.g. SkyTrain, light rail transit, battery powered vehicles)
- general impact of urban design on other environmental problems such as toxic chemicals from automobile use
- Setting and enforcing pollution prevention standards
- review of acts, regulations, and international agreements relating to waste reduction, waste disposal, and air quality
- environmental impact assessment and environmental indicators
- difficulties in regulating pollution at the regional and international levels
- effectiveness of regulation in protecting the environment
- cultivating new social values in order to promote voluntary compliance to environmental standards within business and industry
- Economic implications of a more environmentally sensitive society, and using economic measures to improve environmental quality
- impact of redressing the “tragedy of the commons” by implementing the polluter-pay principle
- substitution economics as a paradigm to improve environmental quality
- economic instruments to reduce pollution and waste—full cost accounting, life cycle analysis
- interdependence between environmental quality and the economic well being of a community
- Preventing pollution and reducing waste through consumer awareness and marketing
- options and problems in marketing recyclables and other wastes
- techniques to change buying habits of consumers
- effectiveness of consumer action groups in encouraging less packaging, and promoting the use of uniform beverage containers
- business opportunities created by new environmentally friendly products
- resource accounting and defensive spending as they relate to the GNP
- Environmental citizenship as a new approach to help build sustainable communities
- elements of environmental citizenship
- the environmental citizen in the Lower Mainland
- improvements to one’s quality of life through environmental citizenship
- the environmental citizen in a global community
- Guest speakers from the community, government and industry in most weeks
- Public participation through sessions with guest speaker (the general public is invited to these presentations and will join the class)
- Additional readings may be assigned as required
- Class discussions will be encouraged
- Slide shows and/or films
(At least 5 factors with no single factor worth more than 30%)
Any combination of the following to total 100% (to be specified first day of class)
|Essays (two to four)||30 – 60%|
|Tests (two or more)||20 – 60%|
|Instructor’s general evaluation
(participation, improvement, quizzes, short assignments, etc.)
|10 – 20%|
Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the following:
- Local environmental protection issues in the Lower Mainland.
- Social perceptions of the environment.
- Consensus building, conflict resolution and paradigm shifts as social processes.
- Pollution prevention and the minimization of waste in a sustainable community.
- Solid waste reduction and commercial aspects of recycling.
- Liquid waste reduction.
- Toxics use and industrial waste reduction.
- Air pollution prevention through technological and social change.
- Air pollution prevention through urban design.
- Setting and enforcing pollution prevention standards.
- Interrelationships between the economy and the environment.
- Consumer awareness and the marketing of recyclables and green products.
- Environmental citizenship as a new lifestyle approach.
Douglas College. 1993. Pollution Prevention and Waste Reduction Through Social and Technological Change. $20.00 (approx.)
No prerequisite courses.
No corequisite courses.
No equivalent courses.
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester / year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
These are for current course guidelines only. For a full list of archived courses please see https://www.bctransferguide.ca
|Institution||Transfer Details for IDST 1102|
|Langara College (LANG)||LANG ENVS 1XXX (3)|
|Simon Fraser University (SFU)||SFU GEOG 1XX (3)|
|Thompson Rivers University (TRU)||TRU ENST 1XXX (3)|
|Trinity Western University (TWU)||TWU ENVS 1XX (3)|
|University of British Columbia - Vancouver (UBCV)||UBCV ARTS 1st (3)|
|University of the Fraser Valley (UFV)||UFV GEOG 1XX (3)|
|University of Victoria (UVIC)||UVIC ES 1XX (1.5)|