Curriculum Guideline

Personal Assistance

Effective Date:
Course Code
DACS 2370
Personal Assistance
Disability & Community Studies
Applied Community Studies
Start Date
End Term
Not Specified
Semester Length
2 to 15 weeks
Max Class Size
Contact Hours
Lab: 20 hours 1x3 Online: 25 hours 2x2
Method Of Instruction
Methods Of Instruction


  • Mini lectures
  • Demonstration and practice
  • Small group learning activities


  • Mini lectures
  • Small group learning activities
  • Readings and video viewing
  • Discussion Forums
Course Description
This applied lab course emphasizes support skills in personal care and health related procedures. Basic safety principles, human body systems and common health problems will also be reviewed.
Course Content

The following global ideas guide the design and delivery of this course:

  1. Safety issues are important threads that are woven throughout all theory and practice of personal assistance skills.
  2. Basic cleanliness principles are applied whenever the practitioner is performing personal assistance tasks.
  3. Proper body mechanics for the practitioner and the person who is being supported help ensure safety and comfort while performing personal assistance tasks.
  4. Health is not a state, but rather a process and continuum.  It is a resource for, not the goal of, living.
  5. Use of an organized, goal directed decision-making process enables the practitioner to apply learning to individual situations.
  6. The knowledge of the basic structure and function of human body systems and how health related conditions affect these body systems enhance the practitioner's ability to assist in meeting an individual's basic human needs.
  7. Awareness of self, values, beliefs, and limitations are integral to optimal skill development.
  8. Practitioners are responsible for conducting themselves in a legal, ethical and caring manner.
  9. Practitioners' levels of skill are enhanced by applying theoretical concepts to actual lab practice in a controlled, supervised and safe setting, with their peers.


Learning Outcomes

1. Support the self-determination of individuals receiving personal assistance through skill demonstration.

  • Respect individual privacy and autonomy
  • Seek informed consent for personal assistance activities
  • Analyze ethical limits of personal assistance practice
  • Seek feedback regarding personal assistance skill competence
  • Use touch appropriately
  • Advocate for individuals that receive support

2. Anticipate and prevent potential health problems for individuals receiving personal assistance.

  • Apply knowledge, critical thinking and analytic reasoning in health care planning
  • Assess each individual and situation using critical thinking and a decision making process
  • Use knowledge of wellness and body systems to provide timely and appropriate assistance
  • Explore disability and aging and the implications for providing personal assistance
  • Communicate with team members regarding changes in assistance situation
  • Consult and refer when appropriate

3. Demonstrate proper safety awareness while supporting other’s personal care.

  • Wash hands and use principles of cleanliness when providing personal assistance
  • Use proper body mechanics while moving self and others
  • Explain legal limits of personal assistance practice
  • Report and record safety and health concerns
  • Explain the use and maintenance of personal assistance aids and equipment

4. Provide individualized personal assistance to others.

  • Consider how the major principles of personal assistance are incorporated into each skill
  • Review and practice steps in personal assistance procedures
  • Adapt procedures to suit the individual and situation, using a decision making process and the Basic Principles of Care
  • Demonstrate competence in 5-10 personal assistance skills, such as: positioning and transferring, medication administration, vital signs, assistance with elimination, bathing, etc.
Means of Assessment

This course is graded through the mastery grading system and will conform to Douglas College policy regarding the number and weighting of evaluations.

  • Quizzes
  • Care plan
  • Skill Testing


Textbook Materials






Which Prerequisite