Physiology of Exercise and Training

Science & Technology
Sport Science
Course Code
SPSC 2275
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
Method Of Instruction
Typically Offered
To be determined


Course Description
This course will cover the scientific training principles and concepts associated with the effects of exercise on human movement and performance. Topics include an examination of the relationship between physical activity and the cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular systems of the body.
Course Content

Nature of Exercise Physiology and Training as a Field of Study

The student will:

  1. Examine the comprehensive nature of exercise physiology in improving human performance
  • Acute Physiological Responses to Exercise
  • Chronic Physiological Responses to Exercise

Metabolism, Energy and the Basic Energy Systems

The student will:

  1. Describe the Fuel Sources for Exercise and Physical Activity
  2. Describe the Basic Fuel Systems Used During Exercise
  3. Measure and Describe Fuel Utilization During Exercise and Training
  • Energy Expenditure at Rest
  • Energy Expenditure During Exercise
  • Fatigue and its Causes
  • Describe Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise Training
  • Apply training principles for Metabolic Enhancement
    • 2.5.1   Training the ATP-PCr System
    • 2.5.2   Training the Glycolytic System
    • 2.5.3   Training the Oxidative System

    Neurological Control of Movement

    The student will:

    1. 3.1    Describe the Structure and Function of the Nervous system
    • 3.1.1     Central Nervous System
    • 3.1.2     Peripheral Nervous System
    • 3.1.3     Sensory-Motor Integration
  • 3.2    Describe Motor Response to Acute Exercise
  • 3.3    Describe Response to Exercise Training
  • The Effects of Exercise on the Cardiovascular System

    The student will:

    1. 4.1  Describe the Structure and Function of Cardiovascular system
    • 4.1.1  Cardiovascular Dynamics
    • 4.1.2  Regulation of the Cardiovascular System During Exercise
  • 4.2  Measure and Describe Cardiovascular Response to Exercise
    • 4.2.1  Regulation of Cardiac Output
    • 4.2.2  Blood Flow Redistribution During Exercise
    • 4.2.3  Regulation of Oxygen by Skeletal Muscle
  • 4.3  Describe Cardiovascular Adaptations to Exercise Training
    • 4.3.1  Acute Adaptations
    • 4.3.2  Chronic Adaptations

    The Effects of Exercise on Respiratory Regulation

    The student will:

    1. 5.1  Describe the Structure and Function of the Respiratory System
    • 5.1.1  Structure of the Pulmonary System
    • 5.1.2  Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
    • 5.1.3  Gas Exchange and Transport
  • 5.2  Measure and Describe Respiratory Response to Exercise
    • 5.2.1  Ventilation and Energy Metabolism
    • 5.2.2  Respiratory Limitations to Performance
  • 5.3  Describe Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise Training
    • 5.3.1  Acute Adaptations
    • 5.3.2  Chronic Adaptations

    Integration of Physiological Systems

    The student will:

    1. 6.1    Describe Optimizing Performance for Sport and Fitness
    • 6.1.1  Thermoregulation
    • 6.1.2  Effects of Excessive Training
    • 6.1.3  Tapering for Peak Performance
    • 6.1.4  Nutrition and Sport
    • 6.1.5  Exercise and Body Composition
    • 6.1.6  Ergogenic Aids and Sport
    Methods Of Instruction
    • Lecture
    • Discussion groups and group projects
    • Laboratory/Practical applications
    • Guest presenters
    • Technology assisted learning
    • Problem-based learning
    Means of Assessment

    The selection of evaluation tools for this course is based upon adherence to college evaluation policy regarding number and weighing of evaluations. For example, a course of three credits or more should have at least three separate evaluations.

    The following is presented as an example assessment format for this course:

    Mid-term exam 20%
    Final exam 25%
    Practical applications (labs) 30%
    Research project 25%


    Learning Outcomes

    Upon completion of the course the student will be able to:

    1. Describe the functions of the neuromuscular system, energy systems, cardiovascular system, respiratory system and hormonal regulation in physical activity and training.
    2. Describe the interrelationships of the neuromuscular system, energy systems, cardiovascular system, respiratory system and hormonal regulation in physical activity and training.
    3. Describe the acute sport physiological responses of the body to physical activity.
    4. Describe the sport physiological adaptations of the body systems to training.
    5. Administer fitness assessment protocols and interpret assessment data.
    Textbook Materials

    Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students

    Wilmore, J.H. & Costill, D.L. (2004) Physiology of Sport and Exercise, (3rd ed) Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics Publishers.



    (BIOL 1109 or 1103) and (BIOL 1209 or 1203)


    No corequisite courses.


    No equivalent courses.

    Course Guidelines

    Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester / year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

    Course Transfers

    These are for current course guidelines only. For a full list of archived courses please see

    Institution Transfer Details for SPSC 2275
    Camosun College (CAMO) CAMO SPP 2XX (3)
    Capilano University (CAPU) CAPU KINE 275 (3)
    Kwantlen Polytechnic University (KPU) No credit
    Langara College (LANG) LANG KINS 2275 (3)
    Simon Fraser University (SFU) SFU BPK 143 (3)
    Thompson Rivers University (TRU) TRU PHED 1230 (3)
    Trinity Western University (TWU) TWU HKIN 191 (3)
    University of British Columbia - Okanagan (UBCO) UBCO HES 105 (3)
    University of British Columbia - Vancouver (UBCV) UBCV KIN 275 (3)
    University of Northern BC (UNBC) UNBC HUMN 2XX (3)
    University of the Fraser Valley (UFV) UFV KIN 163 (4)
    University of Victoria (UVIC) UVIC EPHE 2XX (1.5)
    Vancouver Island University (VIU) VIU KIN 2nd (3)

    Course Offerings

    Summer 2022

    Start Date
    End Date
    Wed Fri
    - 10-Jul-2022
    SPSC 2275 001 is offered May 9th to July 10.
    Wed Fri
    New Westminster - North Bldg.
    8:30 - 11:20