Douglas College wordmark
Facebook logo Twitter logo Instagram logo Snapchat logo YouTube logo Wordpress logo

Registration for the Fall 2019 semester begins June 25.  Watch your email for more details.

back to search

Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

Course Code: BIOL 1104
Faculty: Science & Technology
Department: Biology
Credits: 3.0
Semester: 15 weeks
Learning Format: Lecture, Lab, Tutorial
Typically Offered: TBD. Contact Department Chair for more info.
course overview

This course is a basic introduction to the anatomy and physiology of humans, and is intended for students with little or no background in biology. Cell biology and the biochemistry of cells are introduced, including DNA replication and protein synthesis. The anatomy and physiology of the digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, nervous and reproductive systems are covered.

Course Content

  1. Cell structure
    • functional inter-relationships of cell structures
    • how cell compartmentalization assists in the production and distribution of molecules
  2. Cell compounds and biological molecules
    • characteristics of water and its role in biological systems
    • importance of pH and the role of acids, bases, and buffers in biological systems
    • structure and function of biological molecules in living systems: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
    • dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis
    • types of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
    • empirical formula of a carbohydrate
  3. DNA replication
    • purpose of DNA replication
    • site of DNA replication in the cell
    • semi-conservative DNA replication
    • recombinant DNA
  4. Protein synthesis
    • process of protein synthesis
    • how mutations in DNA affect protein synthesis
    • mutations causing genetic disorders
  5. Cell membrane transport
    • structure and function of the cell membrane
    • factors affecting rate of diffusion
    • transport processes
    • why cells divide when they reach a particular surface area-to-volume ratio
  6. Enzymes
    • roles of enzymes and coenzymes in biochemical reactions
    • balanced chemical equation for cellular respiration
    • effects on enzyme activity
    • thyroxin and its source gland
  7. Digestive system
    • structures of the digestive system and their inter-relationships
    • components, pH, and digestive actions of salivary, gastric, pancreatic, and intestinal juices
  8. Circulatory system
    • structures of the circulatory system and their inter-relationships
    • structure of the heart
    • relationship between heart rate and blood pressure
    • structures and functions of blood vessels
    • pulmonary and system circulation
    • components of blood
    • fetal circulation
    • roles of antigens and antibodies
    • structures and functions of the lymphatic system
  9. Respiratory system
    • structures of the respiratory system and their inter-relationships
    • processes of breathing
    • internal and external respiration
    • role of various substances in stimulating breathing
  10. Nervous system
    • transmission of nerve impulses
    • components of a synapse
    • impulse transmission across synapses
    • structure and function of a reflex arc
    • divisions of the nervous system and their inter-relationships
    • functions of parts of the brain
    • autonomic and somatic nervous systems; sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
  11. Urinary system
    • structures of the urinary system and their inter-relationships
    • components of the nephron
    • urine production
    • kidneys and blood pH
    • homeostasis of water and sodium levels in the blood
  12. Reproductive system
    • functional structures of the male and female reproductive systems
    • components of seminal fluid
    • ovarian and uterine cycles
    • production, regulation, and functions of male and female hormones

Methods of Instruction

This course involves four hours per week of classroom instruction and two hours per week of tutorial/laboratory activity.

Means of Assessment

Class Tests and Assignments 20-25%
Lab Reports  10-15%
Comprehensive Examination - Midterm 30-35%
Comprehensive Examination - Final 30-35%
Total 100%

Note: 

There will be one midterm and one final examination. The final examination will cover the entire course.  If the student achieves a better grade on the final exam than on the midterm examination, the midterm grade will be raised to equal that achieved on the final examination.

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of Biology 1104, the student will be able to:

  1. Describe the functional inter-relationships of cell structures
  2. Describe the characteristics of water and its role in biological systems
  3. Describe the role of acids, bases, and buffers in biological systems in the human body
  4. Describe the structure and function of biological molecules in living systems, including
    • carbohydrates
    • lipids
    • proteins
    • nucleic acids
  5. Describe the process of  DNA replication
  6. Describe recombinant DNA
  7. Demonstrate an understanding of the process of protein synthesis
  8. Explain how mutations in DNA affect protein synthesis
  9. Describe the structure and function of the cell membrane
  10. Explain why cells divide when they reach a particular surface area-to-volume ratio
  11. Describe the roles of enzymes in biochemical reactions
  12. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the digestive system
  13. Describe the components, pH, and digestive actions of salivary, gastric, pancreatic, and intestinal juices
  14. Describe the inter-relationships of the structures of the heart
  15. Describe the relationship between heart rate and blood pressure
  16. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the vessels of the circulatory system
  17. Describe the components of blood
  18. Describe the inter-relationships of the structures of the lymphatic system
  19. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the respiratory system
  20. Describe the processes of breathing
  21. Describe internal and external respiration
  22. Describe the transmission of nerve impulses
  23. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the divisions of the nervous system
  24. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the urinary system
  25. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the male reproductive system
  26. Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the female reproductive system

curriculum guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

course schedule and availability
course transferability

Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system. 

A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.

For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.

assessments

If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.