Comparative Zoology

Faculty
Science & Technology
Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 3600
Credits
5.00
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
27
Method Of Instruction
Lecture
Lab
Typically Offered
To be determined

Overview

Course Description
The course will examine the comparative anatomy, physiology and behaviour of a wide range of animal groups as evolutionary solutions to common functional problems. Topics will include locomotion, respiration, circulation, digestion, excretion and reproduction
Course Content
  1. OVERVIEW OF ANIMAL CLASSIFICATION
  • Introduction of the major animal phyla and characteristics for each
  • GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT & SUPPORT
    • Consideration of different types of skeletons (hydrostatic; exo- & endo-skeletons)
    • Comparison of the advantages & disadvantages of each skeletal type and the relationship to the specific lifestyle / habitat of different organisms
    • Growth & development
  • LOCOMOTION
    • Introduction to muscle action & basic biomechanics
    • Examination of specific types of locomotion (e.g. creeping/crawling; burrowing; running; swimming; jumping; flight) and the adaptations exhibited by different animals to achieve movement (e.g. skeletal adaptations).
  • RESPIRATORY MECHANISMS
    • The necessity for respiratory structures and an examination of their efficiency
    • Comparison of various mechanisms of respiratory exchange (with reference to anatomy of structures, respiratory requirements, lifestyle, habitat)
    • Aquatic vs. terrestrial respiratory mechanisms
    • Diffusion, diffusion rates, counter-current exchange
  • CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS
    • Presence or absence of circulatory system
    • Functions of circulatory systems
    • Open vs. closed systems
    • Single vs. double systems
    • Comparison of circulatory fluids, cell types, oxygen carrying capacity
  • TEMPERATURE, SEASONS & CLIMATE
    • Ectotherms and endotherms
    • Adaptations to temperature change, seasonality & climate
    • Homeostasis and acclimatization
  • FOOD ACQUISITION & DIGESTION
    • Food (prey) location & selection
    • Herbivores vs. carnivores
    • Variations in nutrient acquisition
  • EXCRETION
    • Examination of different excretory pathways, structures & end products (ammonia; urea; uric acid)
    • Comparison of modes of excretion in relation to lifestyle & habitat
    • Osmoregulation
  • NERVOUS SYSTEMS
    • Sensory physiology (e.g. chemoreception)
    • Evolution of nervous systems
    • Nerve networks, information processing, memory & biological clocks
  • REPRODUCTION
    • Asexual vs. sexual reproduction
    • Gamete production
    • Fertilization mechanisms (internal vs. external)
    • Mechanisms & structures involved in sexual reproduction
    • Reproductive strategies & mating behaviour
    • Development (direct vs. indirect)
    Methods Of Instruction
    • Lecture
    • Laboratory activities
    • Discussion groups
    • Readings from scientific journal articles
    • Guest lectures
    • Group project (e.g. research paper on a topic of current interest)
    Means of Assessment
    Class tests and assignments 20%
    Laboratory 20%
    Term exams 25%
    Final exam 35%
    Total 100%
    Learning Outcomes
    1. To understand the general principles of animal classification and describe the characteristics of the major animal phyla.
    2. To gain an appreciation for the diversity of animal forms and understand the unity which exists within this diversity.
    3. To explore anatomical and physiological principles by studying form and function relationships
    4. To describe how organisms interact with their environments and how environmental conditions modulate these interactions through adaptive mechanisms
    5. To understand how the scientific method is used to advance our knowledge of animal anatomy and physiology
    6. To be able to use the general principles of biology to discuss current issues and ideas.
    Textbook Materials

    Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students:

    Any suitable comparative zoology textbook

    Requisites

    Prerequisites

    BIOL 1110 and BIOL 1210 with C- or better or BIOL 1310 with C- or better or permission of instructor

    Corequisites

    No corequisite courses.

    Equivalencies

    No equivalent courses.

    Requisite for

    This course is not required for any other course.

    Course Guidelines

    Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester / year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

    Course Transfers

    Institution Transfer Details Effective Dates
    Kwantlen Polytechnic University (KPU) No credit 2007/09/01 to -
    Langara College (LANG) LANG BIOL 2350 (3) 2007/09/01 to -
    Simon Fraser University (SFU) SFU BISC 3XX (3) 2007/09/01 to -
    Thompson Rivers University (TRU) TRU BIOL 3X11 (0) & TRU BIOL 3XXX (3) 2013/09/01 to -
    Thompson Rivers University (TRU) TRU BISC 3XX (3) 2007/09/01 to 2010/12/31
    Thompson Rivers University (TRU) TRU BIOL 3XXX (3) 2011/01/01 to 2013/08/31
    Trinity Western University (TWU) TWU BIOL 3XX (3) 2007/09/01 to -
    University of British Columbia - Okanagan (UBCO) UBCO BIOL 204 (3) 2007/09/01 to -
    University of British Columbia - Vancouver (UBCV) UBCV BIOL 2nd (3) 2007/09/01 to -
    University of Northern BC (UNBC) UNBC BIOL 3XX (3) 2007/09/01 to -
    University of the Fraser Valley (UFV) UFV BIO 3XX (5) 2007/09/01 to -
    University of Victoria (UVIC) UVIC BIOL 3XX (1.5) 2007/09/01 to -

    Course Offerings

    Summer 2021

    There aren't any scheduled upcoming offerings for this course.