This course includes further development of veterinary terminology skills. The anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular, hematologic, lymphatic and immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, reproductive and sensory systems of both small (canine, feline), avian and large (bovine, equine, ovine, caprine, porcine) animals are covered. This course completes the detailed review of small and large animal anatomical and physiological systems. Enrollment is limited to students in the Veterinary Technology Program.
The major topics in this course include the following:
- vocabulary, root words, suffixes, prefixes, abbreviations and pronunciation of terms
- The cardiovascular system
- the major structures and functions of the cardiovascular system
- names and positions of cardiac valves, and types of blood vessels
- the pathway of electrical conductivity through the heart and how an ECG is produced
- The lymphatic system
- the major structures and functions of the lymphatic system
- understand the relationship between the hematologic and lymphatic systems for immunocompetence
- The respiratory system
- the major structures and functions of the respiratory system
- comparative anatomy of the lungs of different species, including avian air sacs and pneumatic bones
- The urinary system
- the structure and function of kidneys
- the components of the nephron and their contribution to urine formation
- blood pressure regulation by the renal system
- The endocrine system
- the structure and function of hormones secreted by endocrine glands and their target organs
- the basic functions of hormones produced by the endocrine glands
- normal glucose metabolism and regulation
- The reproductive system
- the major structures and functions of the male and female reproductive systems
- the relationship between the endocrine and reproductive systems, and how endocrine hormones affect production of reproductive hormones and cells
- the estrous cycle of various species and factors influencing its stages
- the type of uteri and types of placentation in various species
- clinical signs of impending parturition
- The sensory system
- the structure and function of the eye and ear, their components and physiology
Methods of Instruction
This course involves two hours per week of classroom instruction and two hours per week of laboratory activity.
Means of Assessment
The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. A final minimum cumulative grade of “C” or 60% is required (in both lecture and lab components) in order to pass this course. Evaluation will be based on quizzes and assignments, practical evaluations including a final practical examination, at least one midterm and a final written examination.
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular, lymphatic and immune systems.
- Describe the pathway of electrical conductivity through the heart.
- Describe the fetal circulatory system and the changes occurring at birth.
- Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system including the transport of gases in the blood.
- Describe the structure and function of the urinary system and explain the process by which the kidney produces urine.
- Describe the structure and function of the endocrine system and understand the feedback mechanism that controls release of endocrine hormones.
- Describe the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems.
- Describe the estrous cycle and factors influencing its stages.
- Describe the types of uteri and the types of placentation in various species.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the eye and ear, including the mechanisms of sight and hearing.
- Describe the steps necessary to perform a necropsy, including correct specimen collection techniques.
Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.
Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system.
A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.
For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.
If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.