Live Sound and Recording I

Faculty
Language, Literature & Performing Arts
Department
Music
Course Code
MUSC 2173
Credits
2.00
Semester Length
15
Max Class Size
26
Method Of Instruction
Lecture
Typically Offered
To be determined

Overview

Course Description
Students will learn to set up and operate live sound systems in a variety of small and medium-sized acoustic spaces, developing technical skills supported by relevant theory. They will also acquire competencies to set up basic sound systems, create appropriate mixes for a range of musical styles and applications, run sound-checks and concerts, communicate with musicians, trouble-shoot as required and maintain control of a mix in a live situation.
Course Content

1. Equipment set up

  • FOH mixer, power amplifiers specification (e.g., power rating, impedance; matching with loudspeakers), speaker systems (including line arrays), monitor sends, wedges, balanced and unbalanced cables.
  • The decibel and signal levels, voltage and current, signal levels and impedance, balanced and unbalanced connections, grounding, transformers, AC safety, power requirements.
  • Speaker alignment and placement, feedback elimination, monitor positioning, amplifier levels.

2. Microphones

  • Instrument specific, hand-held, headset, lapel, boundary, radio microphones.
  • Direct Injection (D/I).

3. Acoustics

  • Room acoustics, standing waves, phase summation and cancellation, absorption, reverberation, critical distance, inverse square law,
  • The effect of audience on acoustics, seated and non-seated events, sound pressure levels and howl-round. Room modes.

4. Assessing a Space

  • Loudness requirements, feedback and potential system gain, acoustic/amplified hybrid situations, frequency response, time delay, speech legibility, critical distance, health and safety.

5. Mixing

  • Signal flow, gain structure, line levels, mic levels, pan, routing, EQ, DI, microphone choice and position for different instruments, aesthetics, styles and levels. Working quickly to create a mix and adapting to different genres of music.

6. Sound checks

  • Sound-check procedures, musician psychology, setting monitor levels. Monitor position and spill, controlling feedback. Adapting between the sound-check and the live event with audience.

7. Troubleshooting

  • Diagnosing and dealing with common faults. Soldering, tinning, ground loops and lifting.

8. Recording Live performances.

  • Taking a feed from the FOH console, interfacing with a laptop computer
Methods Of Instruction

 Lectures and practical work. Students will work alongside the instructor with a small portable PA to gain experience of the basic principles and to learn how to deal with sound reinforcement in a range of small-to-medium size acoustic environments and for diverse applications.

Means of Assessment

Tests/Quizzes (minimum of 2) 30%

Midterm practical exam and written paper 30%

Final practical exam and written paper 40%

Total  100%

Learning Outcomes

 Students will understand and be able to source and set up equipment appropriate to a range of small venues (e.g. small club, coffee shop, town hall, worship space) taking into consideration the different acoustic, musical and social parameters involved in each case.

They will be able to set up and test a sound system for a range of small venue applications showing due regard for health and safety procedure (SPL, lifting, electricity and crowd safety). They will understand the basic signal flow of a FOH (Front of House)  and fold back audio systems and be able to diagnose and respond to technical faults quickly.

Students will understand and operate a small vocal PA to create viable sound reinforcement over a range of contrasting material (e.g., string quartet, solo performer, band, small jazz ensemble, choir, spoken word).

They will be able run a sound check with consideration for the performers’ needs and use both musical and sonic criteria to set up viable FOH and monitor mixes using audio processing, as required.

Textbook Materials

Textbooks will be assigned at the discretion of the instructor.  The following texts serve as examples:

Yamaha Sound Reinforcement Handbook (Hal Leonard Publishing, current edition)

White, P.,  Live Sound for the Performing Musician (Sanctuary Publishing, current edition)

Requisites

Prerequisites

MUSC 1270 or permission of instructor

Corequisites

None

Equivalencies

None

Course Guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester / year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

Course Transfers

Institution Transfer Details Effective Dates
There are no applicable transfer credits for this course.

Course Offerings

Fall 2021

CRN
Days
Dates
Start Date
End Date
Instructor
Status
37005
Thu
07-Sep-2021
- 08-Dec-2021
07-Sep-2021
08-Dec-2021
Efimov
Igor
Open
Registration in this course provides registrants with a 'time conflict' error. This error can be disregarded for this course as it is due to a required room booking overlap.
Max
Enrolled
Remaining
Waitlist
26
24
2
0
Days
Building
Room
Time
Thu
New Westminster - North Bldg.
N4100
9:30 - 12:20
Thu
New Westminster - North Bldg.
N3285
9:30 - 12:20
Thu
New Westminster - North Bldg.
N3221
9:30 - 12:20