Douglas College wordmark
Facebook logo Twitter logo Instagram logo Snapchat logo YouTube logo Wordpress logo
back to search

Theory in Contact Lenses and Optical Technologies I

Course Code: DOPT 2101
Faculty: Science & Technology
Department: Dispensing Optician
Credits: 4.0
Semester: 15
Learning Format: Lecture
Typically Offered: Fall
course overview

This course will provide students the knowledge of Anatomy and Physiology of the eye in relation to contact lens fitting. It will provide the skills of instrumentation in the fitting of contact lenses, the process of refractive error determination, the conversion and verification of prescriptions, and the examination of the relationship between contact lens fit, corneal health and residual refractive error. It provides students the ability needed to evaluate suitability for contact wear, by patient ocular history and examination. It will provide the student the ability to design the appropriate contact lens parameters, to select the appropriate material, to train the patient on proper handling technique, lens care and hygiene. It will identify refractive surgeries, the measurement of intraocular pressure and related professional standards of practice.

Course Content

  1. College of Opticians Website Reference Tools
  2. Technological Changes and Trends in CL History
  3. Basic Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology of the Visual System
    • Anatomy of the Visual System
    • Physiology of the Visual System
    • Pathology of the Visual System
    • Ocutouch interactive Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology Software
    • Ocular Pathology – new technologies in pathology detection and treatment
    • The use of Lasers in treatment of ocular disease
    • Contact Lens Related Defects of the Visual System
  4. Focus on the Cornea
    • Corneal Anatomy
    • Corneal Physiology
    • Maintenance of Corneal Transparency
  5. Instrumentation
    • Biomicroscopy
    • Keratometry
    • Automated Corneal Topography
    • Contact Lens Inspection and Verification
    • Automated refraction
    • Contact Lens simulation software
  6. Introduction to Refraction
    • Refraction Equipment
    • Refraction Process
    • Tonometry
    • Contraindications
  7. Refractive Surgery
    • Corneal Refractive Surgery
    • Intraocular Refractive Surgery
    • Lasers in Refractive Surgery
  8. Contact Lens Materials, Design, and Fitting
    • Soft Lens Materials
    • Gas Permeable Materials
    • Silicone Hydrogel materials
    • Basic fitting philosophies
    • Toric Contact Lens Designs
    • Web-based References
  9. Visual Optics       
    • Spherical Equivalent Calculations
    • Diopter Conversion formula
    • Vertex Distance Compensation Formula
    • Tear Lens Compensation
    • Residual Astigmatism Calculation
    • Calculation software
    • Convergence and Accommodation
    • Magnification and Minification of Image Size
  10. Contact Lens Solutions    
    • Preservatives in Contact Lens Solutions
    • Proper use of Contact Lens Solutions
    • Potential Side Effects of Contact Lens Solutions
    • Patient Education and Training
    • Web Training Tools and Aids

Methods of Instruction

  1. Lectures
  2. Independent study of courseware
  3. Independent completion of online self-assessment quizzes
  4. Completion of field assignments
  5. Participation in online Discussion Forums

Means of Assessment

The course evaluation is consistent with Douglas College evaluation policy. An evaluation schedule is presented at the beginning of the course.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, the student will be able to:

  1. Explain the important people, events and key trends pertaining to the historical development of contact lenses
  2. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the human visual system
  3. Identify and describe pathological conditions of the human visual system           
  4. Identify the contact lens instruments used in a contact lens practice      
  5. Identify the equipment and their functions in the refraction process      
  6. Identify the steps required to complete an assessment of refractive error during the course of  the process of refraction
  7. Identify the respective areas of the professional standards of practice pertaining to the automated refractive process
  8. Identify and describe the corneal and intraocular refractive surgical procedures and their implications on contact lens wear
  9. Describe the design of contact lenses and related parameters
  10. Define and calculate basic ophthalmic optical units of measurements
  11. Become familiar with the College of Opticians of B.C. Professional Standards of Practice (Contact Lenses) in areas pertaining to tools required, optical tolerances, professional conduct, and the accepted practices for the use of autorefractors/automated systems.

course prerequisites

DOPT 1310 or Meeting Direct Entrance Requirements


DOPT 2113

curriculum guidelines

Course Guidelines for previous years are viewable by selecting the version desired. If you took this course and do not see a listing for the starting semester/year of the course, consider the previous version as the applicable version.

course schedule and availability
course transferability

Below shows how this course and its credits transfer within the BC transfer system. 

A course is considered university-transferable (UT) if it transfers to at least one of the five research universities in British Columbia: University of British Columbia; University of British Columbia-Okanagan; Simon Fraser University; University of Victoria; and the University of Northern British Columbia.

For more information on transfer visit the BC Transfer Guide and BCCAT websites.


If your course prerequisites indicate that you need an assessment, please see our Assessment page for more information.